Massachusetts Bay Colony 1630-1692

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Massachusetts Bay Colony 1630-1692

John Winthrop's ships arrive in Boston Harbor, 1630In 1630, Winthrop brought 12 ships, carrying over 700 people, to New England. The main ship was the Arabella. Between 1630-1640, over 20,000 Puritans sailed to New England. Even more went to the Caribbean islands where sugar plantations were making people rich. A History of US: Making 13 Colonies

The King (Charles I became King in 1625 when King James died) was happy to see the Puritans leave. He gave them the Charter of the Company of the Massachusetts Bay in New England.This charter was a set of rules that allows the colonists to govern themselves. Unlike the Mayflower Compact, this charter came from the King of England.

Puritans, not PilgrimsA group of people in England wanted to purify the Church of England, and make it completely different from the Catholic church. The King of England (the head of the church) didn't like this, and made life hard for them. These Puritans, who were richer and better educated than the Pilgrims at Plimoth, decided to sail to America to start a colony where they could follow their own religious beliefs.

"We must consider that we shall be as a city upon a hill. The eyes of all people are upon us." --John Winthrop

Massachusetts Bay Colony1630-1692

Religious Freedom (not)While the Puritans left England to find a place where they could practice their own religion, they did not tolerate people with different beliefs. People like the Friends (Quakers) and others who disagreed with the Puritan leaders were sent away, whipped or even hanged for their beliefs. Some of the people who disagreed with the Puritan leaders left Massachusetts Bay to start new colonies that accepted people with different religious beliefs, like Roger Williams who founded Providence (Rhode Island), and Anne Hutchinson, who also went to Rhode Island.

EducationEducation was very important to the Puritans. In 1636 they founded Harvard College, and in 1642 they passed a law saying that parents must teach their children to read.ReligionReligion was the center of the Puritans' lives. Entire villages would listen to hours-long sermons every Sunday, and talk about these sermons the rest of the week. Men who belonged to the church were allowed to vote on the General Court, the group of men who made the decisions for the colony.Village lifeMany of the settlers farmed, but villages also had people with special skills, like blacksmiths, furniture makers, candlemakers and people who ran stores.

John Winthrop

Sources, Joy. A History of US: Making Thirteen Colonies. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.'list=PLpPGlCYNW3H07kae3fZzjJrL8iEcsRlui'index=2


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