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Social Studies

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MOTTO: Strong Deeds, Gentle WordsBIRD: Baltimore OrioleTREE: White OakFLOWER: Black-Eyed SusanINSECT: Baltimore Checkerspot ButterflyCapital: Annapolis

George Calvert (Lord of Baltimore), Cecil Calvert (second Lord of Baltimore), Leonard Calvert (the governor of the province), and other colonists using Maryland as a refuge for Catholics.



Cecil Calvert founded Maryland in 1632. The reason of establishment was for religious freedom. "Instructions to the Colonists" was the basis of Maryland's Laws


State Flag

The Maryland state flag has black and gold checkered squares in the first and fourth quarters of the flag that were designed by the Calvert family. The red and white squares were designed by the Crossland family (Crossland is the family of the mother of George Calvert). The red and white squares contain the crest of the Calvert and Crossland families.

Annapolis became the capital because with population growth, citizens considered the first capital St. Mary's City too far from where the majority of the population lived. Governor Francis Nicholson chose Anne Arudel Town as the new capital in 1695, later renamed to Annapolis since its close location to Chesapeake Bay.

Key Figures

Basic Facts

U.S. STATEMaryland

Governor: Larry HoganPopulation: 5.976 million (2014)Economy: Maryland had many plantations that grew tobacco, cotton, rice, and indigo. Crops would be traded for goods like shoes, farm tools, dishes, lace, and thread. Exports included lumber, furs, and farm products.

George Calvert

Cecil Calvert


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