Martin Luther King Jr.

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by compton116
Last updated 5 years ago

Social Studies
African-American History

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Martin Luther King Jr.

Key Civil Rights Activities-On December 1, 1955 a black woman named Rosa Parks, refused to give up her seat on the front row of a city bus in Montgomery, Alabama and move to the back of the bus. She was arrested. This action by Rosa Parks led to a boycott by African-Americans of the Montgomery, Alabama city bus system. The boycott lasted 382 days and resulted in the city of Montgomery lifting the law mandating segregated public transportantion.

Biographical imformation-Born- Januray 15, 1929Died- April 4, 1968 He was a Baptist Minster and a civil rights activst. He was remembered as a African American leader. He was also reverered by his 1963 speach "I Have a Dream." Martin had an older sister Willie Christine and a younger brother, Alfred Daniel Williams King. Him and his siblings grew up in a nice, secure neighborhood. He entered a public school at the age of 5. He received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964 among many other honors. He was married and the father of four children.

Lasting Impact: During his life, Mr. King, had a lasting impact on ending segregation in the United States. His non-violent approach to ending segregation was really effective in dealing with the issues in his day. He learned this tactic from Gandhi of India. His efforts led to the passing of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. These laws helped people of all races expeccialy African-Americans citizens. Even after his death, the influence of Mr. King is still very strong in the civil rights area. Our nation has honored him by setting aside one day each year as a national holiday in his honor. Across the United States many schools, buildings, streets, and parks have been named after Mr. King.

Time line: Mr. King received his Ph.d in 1955 at the age of 25.March 2, 1955- Montgomery Bus Boycott.January 1957- He formed the Southern Christian Leadership Conference.February 1960- Began the "sit-in" movement at lunch counters.August 1963- Gave his famous " I Have a Dream" speech in Washington, D.C.1964- Civil Rights Act passed.1964- Received the Nobel Peace Prize.1965- Voting Rights Act passedApril 4, 1968- Shot and killed by James Earl Ray.

Quote "We can never be satisfied as long as our children are stripped of their self-hood and robbed of their dignity by signs stating: "For Whites Only."

Sit-ins: In February of 1960 a group of African-American students in North Carolina began what became known as the "sit-in" movement across the sounthern states. These students were willing to be arrested for their cause. This movement was a non-violent demonstration that worked. The "sit-in" movement targeted businesses that had a lunch countor or a place that one could sit down and have lunch. The movement resulted in ending segregation at lunch counters in 27 southern states.

Selma to Montgomery March: Mr King did not participate in the first march from Selma, Alabama to Montgomery, Alabama but he had a major part in getting it organized. The march from Selma across the Edmond Pettus Bridge going toward Montgomery resulted in bloody attacks against the marchers by the city of Selma police. A second march was planned but it was cancelled. A third march was held and Mr. King was in it. They marched to the barriers that had been placed in the road, knelt down and prayed, and turned around avoiding a confrontation with the police.

Martin Luther King Jr.

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