Mark Twain

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by Durfee156121
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Language Arts
Subject:
Writers Biographies
Grade:
11

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Mark Twain

Mark Twain was born on November 30, 1835 in Florida, MissouriHis birth name was Samuel Langhorne Clemens and was the 6th child of John and Jane Clemens.He was a steambot pilot,author, jornalist and lecturer.He married Olivia Langdon and had 4 childrenHe died April 21, 1910 in Redding, Connecticut and is barried in New York.The whole town of Hannibal,Missouri is dedicated towards his works on Huckleberry Finn.

Ispiration

Huckleberry Finn was surpposed to be another "boy's novel."Mark Twain witness the cruelty of humans through slavery and he saw the flaws in religion beliefs. It is highly likely he wrote the book on the issues of his society at the time and his expirence, ideas and feelings about it.

Mark Twain's book Huckleberry Finn was inspired by the aspects of his life. Some examples include:1. Mark Twain, similar to Huck in the book was not religious. He disliked many aspects of religion and was brought up Presbyterian thinking. Some people speculate he was an athiest but many of his quotes disproved this and showed his view on religion: "In religion and politics people’s beliefs and convictions are in almost every case gotten at second-hand, and without examination, from authorities who have not themselves examined the questions at issue but have taken them at second-hand from other non-examiners, whose opinions about them were not worth a brass farthing" 2. His hometown was Huck's hometown. Mark wanted to become a steamboat pilot and obtained his license in 1859. He used to ride up and down the Mississippi River. Huck rode up and down the river not in a steamboat but canoe and a raft.3. Samuel Langhorne Clemens changed his name to Mark Twain a little bit before starting Huck Finn. Huck in the novel changes his name a couple of times trying to hide his true identity4. Twain ost his father at a early age most likely contributed to Huck not having a father to really care for him at his young age.5. At a young age Mark witnesses a slave tortured and killed by his master. He also witnesses a lot more violence at his young age. This probably one of the main ideas that prompt him to write this book (Human cruelty).

His View

Mark Twain opposses slavery and sees only human beings are slaves to eacher other. Afew quotes emphaizes his beliefs such as"Man is the only Slave. And he is the only animal who enslaves. He has always been a slave in one form or another, and has always held other slaves in bondage under him in one way or another. In our day he is always some man's slave for wages, and does that man's work; and this slave has other slaves under him for minor wages, and they do his work. The higher animals are the only ones who exclusively do their own work and provide their own living." and "The skin of every human being contains a slave."These quotes show not only African Americans were slaves but the slaveowners were slaves to a higher power also. Some quotes like this one"In those old slave-holding days the whole community was agreed as to one thing--the awful sacredness of slave property..." depicts his strong dislike for a slavery and ther status as property. This influenced Huck's decision on helping Jim to his freedom at the end of the novel.

For decades Huckleberry Finn has been challeged by various people such as scholars,educators,students etc. due to the racial content in the book. When the book first was published, it was not the racial content but Huck's actions (e.g. manners) and thoughts ( does not follow religious customs and dislikes slavery) upset many caucasian parents in America during late 1880s into the early 1900s. They were afraid how will it influence their children in the future. The most recent controversy is the racial content of the book. The book was banned from middle and elemetry schools. The book also censored the word "nigger" to "slave" recently. Many black (and white) scholars,students and educators oppose the change. They believe it is a insight to history and the issue of slavery in America at the time. Those who sided with the change feel hurt by the word and find it offensive when other people particularly high school and college students use the word vulgarly.

Mark Twain

A little about him

Purpose

Censorship

Jim was modeled after George Griffin


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