Mark Antony

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by Matt112
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Historical biographies
Grade:
10

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Mark Antony

Timeline

83 BC Born January 14 in Rome63 BC Stepfather Cornelius Lentulus Sura executed by command of Cicero.63 BC Married first wife who was his cousin Antonia60 BC Studied in Greece. Met Aulus Gabinius, governor of Syria57 BC Started military career under Gabinius in Mid East region53 BC Joins Caesar in Gaul and becomes one of his generals a year later49 BC Start of political career in Rome as a tribune. Kicked out of Senate for supporting Caesar Crossed Rubicon with Caesar to start Roman Civil War48 BC Name Master of Horse, 2nd in command to dictator Caesar47 BC Divorced Antonia and married Fulvia44 BC Co-consul with Caesar. Caesar murdered March 15. Antony delivers eulogy44 BC Appointed governor of Gaul for 5 years43 BC Formed 2nd Triumvirate with Octavian and Lepidus42 BC Defeated Brutus and Cassius, Caesar’s assassins41 BC Political and romantic alliance with Cleopatra, Queen of Egypt-has kids with her40 BC Fulvia dies. Returns to Rome and marries Octavia, Octavian’s sister to keep peace with Octavian.34 BC Joins up with Cleopatra in Alexandria. Loses support of Romans when he gives Roman territory to Cleopatra and their children32 BC Divorces Octavia. Octavian declares war on Cleopatra30 BC Commits suicide after he is defeated by Octavian and his general Agrippa

Highlights

MarkAntony

interesting fact Mark Antony had 4 wives. He married Cleopatra when he was still married to Octavia.

Lasting Impact

Mark Antony was an important military and political leader during the transition of the Roman Republic to the Roman Empire. He had authority over the eastern side of the Roman Empire from 42- 30 BC.

Mark Antony started his military career as a cavalry commander in in Palestine, Judea, and Egypt from 57-54BC. He became a general in Gaul in 52 BC fighting under his mother’s distant cousin Julius Caesar. His political career began when he was elected tribune in 49 BC to watch out for Caesar’s interests; Caesar was popular with the people, but not with the patrician Senate. When the Senate tried to pass a law that would force Caesar to disband his army and return to Rome, Antony vetoed it. Because he supported Caesar, he was kicked out of the Senate. Caesar used Antony’s expulsion ( which was illegal) as an excuse to cross the Rubicon from Gaul into Italy. That was the start of the Roman Civil War in which Caesar fought against his former co-consul Pompeii who led the Senate. Caesar won the Civil War and was named dictator in 48BC. Antony was named his Master of the Horse, which was 2nd in Command. He was co-consul with Caesar in 44BC. Caesar was murdered March 14 44BC. Antony escaped Rome dressed as a slave, but came back to give Caesar’s eulogy at his funeral. Antony defeated Caesar’s assassins Brutus and Cassius in battle. He jointly ruled Rome with Octavian, Caesar’s grand nephew and heir, and Lepidus. They were the Second Triumvirate. Antony was in charge of the Eastern territories, Octavian the Western territories, and Lepidus Africa. Antony married Octavian’s sister while he was having an affair with Cleopatra who was the Queen of Egypt. He married her while he was still married to Octavia. Because of this, Octavian declared war on Cleopatra. Antony and Cleopatra fought Octavian for single rule of Rome. When Octavian’s general Agrippa defeated their navy, Antony and Cleopatra committed suicide.

When Antony was fighting the Parthians, he offered Octavian 120 ships in exchange for 20,000 troops. He gave up his ships but never got the men. He had been outsmarted by young Octavian. Later his own ships were part of the navy that defeated him.

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