Marie Curie

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by TakahashiMisaki
Last updated 7 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Scientific Biographies
Grade:
8

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Marie Curie

Mar e Curie

Early Years

Marie Curie, or her real name, Marya Sklodowska, was born in Warsaw, Poland on November 7, 1867. She was born in a small, upstairs apartment over a girls' boarding school on Freta Street in Warsaw's old quarter. Marya had four other siblings. Her Father was a physics and math teacher and her mother was a music teacher. Marya was always taught to love learning. But, when it came to learning, physics and chemistry were the subjects that she loved the most.

In school, Marie was always at the top of her class and she wanted a further education. But, that wouldn't be easy in Poland, considering the fact the Marie was a woman. While waiting to go to France for college, Marie attended Floating University which was a secret school that moved from hiding place to hiding place, which gave women in Poland a further education. When Marie reached Paris for college, that's when she changed from Marya to Marie at age, 23. When Marie graduated, she was the first woman in history to get a degree in chemistry and physics as well as being the top in her class. Later, she got a degree in math. In the midst of this, she met a young scientist named Pierre Curie, who worked as a teacher at the School of Physics and Chemistry, in 1894. They became friends, and then fell in love. They were married a year later. They had two children: Irene (oldest) and Eve. When Eve was born, Pierre died in an accident two years later.

Careers and a Disovery

Speaking to the League of Nations in 1933: "I among those who think science is a great beauty. A scientist in a laboratory is not only a technician;he is also a child placed before natural phenomena which impress him with all the wonder of a fairy tale." -Marie Curie

Marie Curie

Pierre Curie

Eve and Irene Curie

Nobel Prize winning scientist

Education

To become a physics teacher, Marie had to write a paper about what's new in physics. Marie found out about a scientist, Henri Becquerel, who discovered that the element, uranium, made rays. Marie decided to delve into what the rays were about. In 1898, Marie, with the help of Pierre, discovered new elements: Radium and Polonium. Marie then discovered that radium had a new kind of energy called radioativity which explained how the rays moved and helped other scientists learn how to use it. Later, in 1903, Marie was given the Nobel Pize which is the highest award for a scientist. After which, Marie became a physics teacher. Eight years later, Marie won a second Nobel Prize in chemistry. After years with working and studying radium, all the exposure to radioactivity caused Marie to become sick with leukemia. Marie did not know that the element could cause her sickness. Marie Curie then died at age 66, in 1934.

Info from books: Marie Curie and Her Daughter Irene by Rosalynd Pflaum Marie Curie Nobel Prize-winning Physicist by Liza N. BurbyMarie Curie by Greg Linder

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