Maria Montessori

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by snick123
Last updated 8 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Historical biographies
Grade:
12

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Maria Montessori

Montessori Method: Depending a child’s individual development, they’re given a specific set of materials and physical activities used to enhance their knowledge and skills; however, students are allowed to choose which materials they use.

Maria Montessori (1870-1962)

Montessori working with students

Based on two basic concepts

“Free the child's potential, and you will transform him into the world."

1) .Children gain skill and knowledge and develop an identity by interacting with their environment2)Children should be given the freedom, within a prepared environment, to act as they choose for optimal development.

Historical Context: The progressive movement (1920-1945) was occuring in the U.S. and Europe at the time. Education was transforming to be more individualized and focused on the child's interests and needs.

Montessori's progressive approach to education based on the student and their personal growth and knowledge not only changed the education system in Europe, but influenced the United States system as well. She individualized education, which had previously been the same for all children soley based on age. She believed that the child should be the focus of education and that they sould be given the freedom to reach their potential based on their biological developmental stages.

Current Implications: Montessori's work during the progressive era forever changed the education system. Like Montessori, researchers today still look to the developmental stages of the child to reform education. Montessori helped to make education individualized and student focused, two values that still hold true today. Her work is still being discussed because of its great impact on students and the reality she established that education should not be the same for everyone but should be molded for every child. Without Montessori we might not have:-mixed age classrooms-activity based learning/projects-uninterupted work time

First American Montessori school in Hollow, NY in 1911

"A Biography of Dr Maria Montessori." A Biography of Dr Maria Montessori. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Feb. 2013.Parkay, Forrest W., and Beverly Hardcastle Stanford. Becoming a Teacher. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 1998. Print."Maria Montessori." Home. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Feb. 2013.


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