Mao Zedong

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by tarandus
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Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Politicians and Presidents

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Mao Zedong

Mao Zedong-Father of Communist China Tarandus Jones Cameron Boyd

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Great Leap Forward Summary

Cultural Revolution- In an attempt to re-assert his authority, Mao launched the 'Cultural Revolution' in 1966, aiming to purge the country of 'impure' elements and revive the revolutionary spirit. One-and-a-half million people died and much of the country's cultural heritage was destroyed. In September 1967, with many cities on the verge of anarchy, Mao sent in the army to restore order.

Breif Bio-Born on December 26, 1893, in Shaoshan, Hunan Province, China, Mao Tse-tung served as chairman of the People's Republic of China from 1949 to 1959, and led the Chinese Communist Party from 1935 until his death.

Important Dates/Events1921: Founding member of chinese communist party1921: Kuomintang(KMT) allied with CCP to defeat N. China warlords1927: KMT leader Chinag Kai-shek goes anti-commy1934: 6,000m march to NW China to find establish new base1937-45: KMT&CCP allies again to fight Japanese WWII1949: Chinese win civil war then found Peoples Republic of China(PRC).

Red GuardIn 1966, a group of school students in Beijing named themselves "Chairman Mao's Red Guards." It enforced communist dogma and removed the nation of the "Four Olds" - old customs, old culture, old habits and old ideas. Mao's support for them led to the name "Red Guard" being adopted by groups who were sanctioned by Mao and his supporters to "rebel against the system" all over China. Sworn to protect Chairman Mao and his revolutionary line, the Red Guards and other, older revolutionary rebels caused havoc and eventually turned on each other, resulting in great destruction and considerable loss of life. Once the Red Guards had served their purpose of overturning the old order, these restive young people were exiled from the cities to be re-educated by the peasants in the countryside. Many did not return to the cities until the late 1970s; some never did.

Great Leap Forward(1958)-Was aimed at mass mobilisation of labour to improve agricultural and industrial production. The result, instead, was a massive decline in agricultural output, which, together with poor harvests, led to famine and the deaths of millions. The policy was abandoned and Mao's position weakened.

Sources-http://afe.easia.columbia.edu/special/china_1900_mao_early.htm-http://www.biography.com/people/mao-tse-tung-9398142-http://asianhistory.about.com/od/glossaryps/g/Who-Were-Chinas-Red-Guards.htm


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