Malcolm X

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Malcolm X

BY: Rebecca, Lydia, and Katie

When: Important DatesMalcolm X, born May 19, 1925 under the name Malcolm Little, was a civil rights activist. At a young age he lost his father to the Black Legion in 1931, and 10 years later he abandoned his life there and moved to Harlem where he became a drug peddler and worked with prostitutes. Race riots became increasingly common in Harlem, and after some major outbreaks, business became unpopular for the area. Once again, Malcolm became involved in illegal activities, becoming a numbers runner for lottery games. However, after too many close calls with the mobsters who controlled the activities, he moved back to Roxbury in 1943. Unfortunately, only 2 years later Malcolm was arrested on account of being involved with a burglary ring and was sentenced to 10 years in prison. A year later in February, Malcolm went to prison to serve his term. In the facility he began to educate himself and was later transferred to Norfolk Prison. In 1949, at age 24, Malcolm converted to Black Muslim ideals after being inspired by the teachings of Elijah Muhammad. At age 27, after serving only 6 years of his prison term, Malcolm X was released. Under guidance from Muhammad, he started a Black Muslim Temple in Boston and Philadelphia in the year 1953, became the head of the Temple Number Seven in Harlem, and spent most of the 50s increasing the power of the Nation of Islam. In 1962, he was appointed national minister of the Nation of Islam, but his social appearance dropped and later, after a comment in regards to Kennedy’s assassination as being punishment for the hate bred in America, he was suspended of his duties in 1963. A year later in March, he broke from the Nation of Islam to form the Muslim Mosque, Incorporated. This new sense of freedom allowed him to make the pilgrimage to Mecca, where he donned the Islamic name “El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz” in the spring of 1964. However, by the end of the year, Malcolm and his associates began receiving death threats. Early next year on February 13, 1965, Malcolm’s family became a target and his house was bombed. Though he managed to get himself from safety and rescue his daughters and wife, it was clear that the danger of his position was beginning to get life threatening. February 21, 1965, marked the date of his assassination at the Audobon Ballroom at age 39. Though his death was a huge loss, his work during his life time met with the struggle of those in power in society, and encouraged for a more radical change of the racial view in America.

WHAT did Maclolm X do?Malcom X was a civil rights activist who gained much success in his "Black Power" philosophy. He first made his influence, and power, known in the "John Hinton Incident", During which, Malcolm X learned of a man that was being brutalized by the police, and was black, had been 'intervened' by a man named Hinton. Hinton, who refused to leave the beaten man's side, was arrested and then beaten himself. His injuries were so severe that news had made it to Malcom X, who had up until this point been unknown and was a minister at a New York mosque, and Malcom X went straight to that police station holding Hinton. He demanded that Hinton get proper medical attention, and with him were an estimated 2 THOUSAND followers silently protesting along with him, directly and indirectly associated with Malcolm X. That was Malcolm's first step into the limelight, and the first significant action he took in the name of civil rights.

Malcolm X

Where: Places of Malcolm X

Why did Malcolm X do what he did?

Malcom X was born in Omaha, Nebraska.Moved to Lansing, Michigan because of threats from the Ku Klux Klan. Moved to Boston to live with his half-sisterTraveled to Detroit, Michigan to meet the Black Muslim leader.Malcolm X attended West Junior High School. Malcolm X embarked on an extended trip through North Africa and the Middle East to continue on the Civil Rights movement.Audubon Ballroom in Manhattan where he died.

Malcolm X was a man of many hats: he was a preacher, minister of the Harlem NY mosque, civil rights leader, adversary to Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., and creator of the Organization of African American Unity (OAAU). Malcolm X was all of these because these were the roles America needed most in the mid-1900s. These roles were greatly underplayed, and Malcolm X seemed destined to lead others into the relatively uncharted territory of true equal rights. Racism and prejudice was far from "under control" in his time, but the spark that began Malcolm X's life in equal rights seemed to influence him at a very young age. After his father's death, Malcolm set off to a turbulent youth, which mapped his style of protest. Malcolm X was well known as Dr. King's "adversary", and where Dr. King was reffered to as "nonvolient" but brought slow results, Malcolm X was known to be "forceful", but with quicker results. He knew that African Americans' fight for rights was relatively young, and weak, in the face of America's blatant racism problem. However, he proved that whether it be through non-violence or force, the only way to solve the rapant prejudice and abuse was to act, which was exactly what Malcolm X did.

It is clear from the photo left that Malcolm X hadmany followers. The fact that for many years he was muslim, ( a member of Nation Of Islam), was an African-American, and preached immediate action made him quite popular with many.

WHO was Malcolm X?He was the son of a freelance Baptist preacher. His father was murdered by Klan-like Black Legion. He was placed in a foster home because his mother suffered a mental break-down and she never recovered. He quit school be a teacher was being racist toward him. He later went into narcotics, prostitution, gambling, and burglary and was arrested for six years. In jail, he learned importance of education. He converted to Nation of Islam, or Black Muslims. He abandoned his slave name, Little, for X. The X stands for his lost African name. As he traveled to Africa, he made the Hajj, the traditional Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca, Saudi Arabia, during which he converted to traditional Islam and again changed his name, this time to El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz. February 21, 1965, at the Audubon Ballroom in Manhattan, where Malcolm X was about to deliver a speech, three gunmen rushed the stage and shot him 15 times. He was pronounced dead apon arrival at the hospital. He was 39 years old.During his tim, he forced people into doing the right thing. He favored violence as by the quote he said, "You don't have a turn-the-cheek revolution. There's no such thing as a nonviolent revolution." He struck fear into whites and made an unforgettable impression among blacks.

In the picture above, one of Malcolm X's most famous quotes is written, telling us much about his character and the kind of person he was. "I am for truth, no matter who tells it. I am for justice, no matter who it's for or against." it says

On February 21, the civil rights movement lost one of its most powerful influences at a community meeting for the citizens of Harlem.

Famous quote by Malcolm X"There is no better than adversity. Every heartbreak, every loss, contains its own seed, its own lesson on how to improve your performance next time."


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