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by beanifur
Last updated 7 years ago

Social Studies

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and how the nation came to be

Later on, the area was colonized by the British

Before this southern part of Africa was called Malawi, migrating Bantu groups would settle in the area.

10th century

In 1953, Malawi was formerly known as Nyasaland and became part of the semi independent state Central African Federation. The CAF was then terminated in 1963 (due to black African nationalists wanting greater power than the white population). 1964 was the year Nyasaland gained independence and was renamed Malawi.

Upon reaching full independence, Malawi turned into a single-party state under the Malawi Congress Party accompanied by the presidency of Hastings Banda (who spoke against colonialism and advocated for independence). He was originally appointed as prime minister but proclaimed himself as president two years after leading the country into independence. Banda remained president until 1994.

Joyce Banda (not related to Hastings Banda) is the 4th and current president of Malawi since 2012 after the death of Bingue wa Mutharika who suffered of a heart attack. She is a women's rights activist and the founder and leader of the People's Party created in 2011.


southeast africa




The name Malawi derives from the Maravi Empire with people who were iron workers. 'Maravi' means "rays of light" which represents the thought of many kilns lighting up the night sky.

-The Bantu tribe

-The Colonization of Africa

-Hastings Banda, After Central African Federation Conference

- 1st female president Joyce Banda

The economy of Malawi is heavily based in agriculture, with a large rural population. The Malawian government depends heavily on international aid to meet development needs, although this need has decreased since 2000. The government faces obstacles in building and expanding the economy, improving education, health care, environmental protection, and becoming financially independent. Malawi has several programs developed since 2005 that focus on these issues, and the country's outlook appears to be improving, with improvements in economic growth, education and healthcare seen in 2007 and 2008.

-Nyasaland stamp

The black stripe represents the African people, the red represents the blood of martyrs for African freedom, green represents Malawi's ever-green nature and the rising sun represents the dawn of freedom and hope for Africa.

Malawi's population is made up of the Chewa, Nyanja, Tumbuka, Yao, Lomwe, Sena, Tonga, Ngoni, and Ngonde native ethnic groups.

Bantu people divided in groups with one group moving south down the west bank of Lake Malawi and became known as the Chewa, while the other group- the ancestors of today's Nyanja- hiked along the east side of the lake.

by: Claire C.


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