Major land battles of the American revolutionary war

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Major land battles of the American revolutionary war

Major Land Battles of the American Revolutionary War

The Battle of Saratoga: The Battles of Saratoga were a series of conflicts fought eighteen days apart during September and October 1777 in Saratoga, New York, between Great Britain and its thirteen colonies. This battle includes the Battle of Freeman's Farm that took place on September 19, 1777 and the Battle of Bemis Heights on October 7, 1777. So, there were two rounds.The origins of Battle goes back when General Burgoyne was given command of the British forces to gain control of Lake Champlain and the Hudson River Valley. General John Burgoyne planned to cross Lake Champlain from Quebec and capture Ticonderoga before advancing towards Albany, New York. However, this plan failed. During the first crucial battle of Saratoga, the Battle of Freeman's Farm, General John Burgoyne had begun his advance south, but was stopped about 10 miles below Saratoga in a clearing known as Freeman’s Farm. A militia of sharpshooters from Virginia, under Daniel Morgan leadership, hurt the British. Burgoyne lost two men for every one on the American side but suddenly they were saved by the arrival of German Hessian forces which were therefore crucial in this first battle.The second battle of Saratoga, the Battle of Bemis Heights, occurred on October 7, 1777. Though his troop strength had been weakened, Burgoyne again attacked the Americans, but this time was defeated and forced to retreat. The American forces led by Patriot General Horatio Gates and Brigadier Benedict Arnold were positioned in their fortification on Bemis Heights which was located nine miles south of Saratoga. Bemis Heights stood above the road that General John Burgoyne and his British army needed to follow to reach Albany. The Americans successfully assaulted the British line, forcing them into a retreat toward Saratoga. The defeat at Bemis Heights forced General John Burgoyne to surrender ten days later on October 17, 1777 with 6222 men. The first round of the Battle was won by the British, but at a costly victory. The secondround was won by the Continental Army.Saratoga Battle was important because it was the turning point in the American Revolution since the defeat of the strong British army meant that the Continental Army could win the war. The victory also renewed the morale of the American public. After the battle, the French become allies with the Americans to fight against Britain. In February of 1778, with the help of Benjamin Franklin, while Minister to France, the United States and France signed a treaty of alliance. As a result, France sent generals, troops, ships, supplies, and money to America to help in the war effort. France declared war on England. Spain would declare war on England in 1779. Finally, for Benedict Arnold it was also a turning point because he was wounded and from that moment he would join the British, becoming a traitor.

The Battle of Lexington and Concord: This battle occured in Lexington, on Lexington Green. The British came from Boston to Lexington on the night of April 18, 1775. At 5 a.m the next morning, the battle started. During the Battle of Lexington, 70 minutemen waited for the redcoats (British) army to arrive in Lexington. The battle started with the first shot, known as the shot heard around the world. 8 minutemen died, and 10 were wounded. Only one British soldier was wounded after the short battle. The British continued their way to Concord. Their mission was to look for the militias weapons. They couldn't find any, and they turned back only to be encountered by the militias. When they realized they could not win this second battle, they started to retreat back to Boston. Since they were fired at from all sides, and 250 British soldiers were killed or injured, this later becomes known as the battle of Concord, or the bloody road back. The British might have won the Battle of Lexington, but they were beated badly at Concord. This battle was important because it started the American Revolution, and it showed England and the Americas that they were capable of winning. the British army.

Deborah Sampson:Deborah Sampson cut her hair short and wrapped a cloth tightly around her chest to disguise herself as a man. She was in the Revolutionary Army using her brothers name. She fought for her country for years. Later, she was wounded in battle. Adoctor discvered her secret and helped her keep it until the war had ended. At the end of the war, she was given an honerable discharge.

The Battle of Yorktown: This battle took place on Yorktown, today Virginia, from 28th September to 19th October, 1781.By September 1781, British General Cornwallis marched his army into Virginia and seized Yorktown, a Chesapeake Bay Port and Gloucester, towns on each side of the York River where they set up a camp. Patriot General Washington who was fighting at the north, saw the opportunity to attack at the south so the British could be trapped in Yorktown. If his army could join General Greene, who was fighting in the south, American and French soldiers could surround Yorktown by land. Then, if the French navy sail into the Chesapeake Bay, they could finish the trap by blocking the British escape by sea. With the arrival of the French fleet of Admiral De Grasse, General Washington was able to march south from New York with the joint American and French army to attack Cornwallis. The Americans and French marched from Williamsburg and arrived at Yorktown on 28th September 1781, forming a semi-circle around the entrenchments and putting the British under siege. General Cornwallis had expected Major General Clinton to sail from New York with a relieving force decided to remain in Yorktown rather than march south to the Carolinas or attempt to reach New York. The Americans began formal siege operations on the eastern side of Yorktown on 30th September and on 9th October were sufficiently close to began an artillery bombardment. With no sign of Clinton’s relief and with inadequate supplies of artillery ammunition and food, on 19th October 1781 Cornwallis’ army marched out of Yorktown and surrendered. Clinton’s relieving force arrived too late in the Chesapeake on 24th October.So, the Battle was won by the Continental Army and the French.The importance of the battle relies on the capitulation of the British to the Americans and French that ended the last major battles or fighting in the American Revolution War and led to the PeaceTreaty of Paris sig ned in 1783 that finally acknowledged the independence of the American States.

Women of the American Revolution:

Women didn't just sit around cooking and cleaning during the revolution, they actually played a big role, and served the Americas just as much as the men did.

Nancy Hart:Nancy Hart was a woman who always took action. Once, british soldiers asked her about helping a patriot soldier, and she openly admitted to it. She was forced to cook the british a meal, eventually, she killed two of them. Not with the meal, but wit their own muskets. Another time, she disquised herself as a crazy man to gather vital information from a british camp for the patriot cause.

Lydia Darragh:She was a quaker, so the british used her house for meetings. She overheard the british planning a surprise attack on George Washington an his men. She personally delivered the information to them, turning a british victory into a great dissappointment.


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