Mahatma Gandhi and India´s Independence

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Mahatma Gandhi and India´s Independence

Mahatma Gandhi & India's Independence

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, otherwise known as Gandhi, was the main leader of the independence movement in India and was the leader of the Indian National Congress. He was an anti-war activist and believed in nonviolence. In order to gain independence for India, he put together boycotts that went against British organizations. These boycotts were peaceful and included no acts of violence whatsoever.

India consisted of two major religious groups: Hindus and Muslims. Because the Hindu population was increasing, the Muslims of India believed that they needed to have a country seprate from the Hindus. This belief was put to action by the Muslim League, led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Although the movement was opposed by some, India was split in 1947. The new countries consisted of East and West Pakistan for the Muslims, and Hindu India.

Indian Nationalism started to grow after Gandhiand many Congress officials were jailed forstarting the "Quit India" campaign, which was meantto peacefully try and drive the British out of India.When these people were jailed, it caused a rise in devotion to the way India was before the British Rule. Riots occured and eventually Britian decided to leave India.

After the divison of India, violence broke out. There were a lot of people that started crossing the boarderbetween the two countries. This led to violence due to the mixing of religions. Because of this, millions of people died. During this time, Gandhi was assassinated by a hindu that believed Gandhi was only trying to protect the Muslims.

After India became independent in 1947, Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru led the country. He believed in unity and thought that reforms were necessary. His reforms included gaining legal rights for women and helping the poor by improving their lifestyle. Modern science and technology was used to achieve these goals.

India went through more reforms inthe 1990s, which led to economic benefits. One of these benefits wasthat the government loosened its control over the country, and businessesstarted to develop because trade barrierswere reduced. Because of these reforms, the Indian economy has grown rapidly.

In 1920, Gandhi held a nonviolent protest against Britain. It was a boycott on all products that were british, such as clothing. Many Indians started to make their own thread, cloth, and clothing. Because of this, the spinning wheel became the symbol for Gandhi's peace movement.

Gandhi's assaassination took place at the Birla House right before a prayer meeting. While being surrounded by family and friends, Nathuram Godse, who was a Hindu Nationalist, came in a close raidus of Gandhi and shot him three times in the chest. Gandhi then proceeded to die inside the Birla House.

The Indian National Army was a group of armed Indians trying to gainindependence, with the help of Japan.Most of the soliders were prisoners of war that were captured by Japan in World War ll. Besides fighting for independence, they also were tryingto gain women equality in India.

Another movement that took place during the India Independence era wasthe Swadeshi. Just like many of the others, this movement was meant to drive Britain outof India. Indians did this byfollowing the Swadeshi culture.

Jordan RedaGlobal Civ 35/8/14


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