Macromolecule Poster Project

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by zeefoster
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Biology
Grade:
9

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Macromolecule Poster Project

Macromolecule Poster Project

By: Zenera Foster

-The cytosplasm are made of proteins.-The nucleus, ribosomes, rough ER, golgi apparatus produces proteins.-Example of proteins are enzymes.-Elements that make up proteins are nitrogen, carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen.-Each protein in the body have a specific function. Proteins have to do with almost all cell functions. Some proteins are involved in structural support, while others are involved in bodily movement, or in defense against germs.

Carbohydrates

-The smooth ER are made up of lipids.-The smooth ER also produces lipids.-An example of an lipid would be Diacylglycerides (phospholipids): lipid bilayers (the plasma membrane of every cell and the membranes within eukaryotic cells) Another example of lipids would be Triacylglycerols (oils and fats.)-The elements of lipids are Carbon, Hydrogen, and Oxygen. Some lipids also have Phosphorus. -The function of lipids is storing energy, signaling, and acting as structural components of cell membranes.

-The Nucleus, Ribonucleic acid (RNA) and Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) are made up of Nucleic Acids.-Nucleic acids are composed of nucleotide monomers. Nucleotides have three parts: A Nitrogenous Base. A Five-Carbon Sugar.-The elements that make up Nucleic Acids are carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen, the elements sulfur and selenium.-Nucleic acids are important because they make up the genes (genetic information) in living things.

Proteins

Biology

Lipids

Nucleic Acids

-The cell wall and cell membrane are made of carbohydrates.-Cell organelles that produce carbohydrates are chloroplast.-Example of a Carbohydrate polymer would be polysaccharides (starch, glycogen, cellulose, chitin)-Elements that make up carbohydrates are carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen. Carbohydrates have six major functions in the body: Providing energy and regulation of blood glucose. Sparing the use of proteins for energy. Breakdown of fatty acids and preventing ketosis. Carbohydrates are important for the body because it is our main source of energy.


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