MACHIAVELLI

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by lissgrunwald
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Historical biographies

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MACHIAVELLI

"never was anything great achieved without danger"

"civil disobidience" -Niccolo Machiavelli’s The Prince, is an inhospitable setting for civil disobedience. -discusses how to usurp power and rule over society with a sly, yet iron fist. -The government is a monarchy, not democracy or republic; public demonstrations would quickly be destroyed and would not receive widespread discussion; and citizens would be unlikely to target specific laws to reform.- Machiavelli’s take on society and power would repulse Socrates, nevertheless, Machiavelli was stating a universal truth- Cunning actions and skills politically are aids in usurping power. For Machiavelli, the central purposes of the nation were the personal glory of the prince and enhanced well-being of the citizens.- Machiavelli believed that an individual should learn their enemies and exploit their weaknesses and that individual, in turn, will have their own justice.

"The Prince" theory-good rulers sometimes have to learn "not to be good", have to be willing to set aside ethical concerns of justice, honesty,kindness, in order to keep stability of the state -Machiavelli said the most succesful kings were not the ones who acted according to dictates of law (justice, conscience), but those willing to do whatever neccesary to preserve their own power.

Niccolo Machiavelli

STRENGTHS: -consistant ways of approaching problems in humanity-cofused firmly upon the real world in front of his eyes -discusses old concepts and ideas more realistically than had been done in the past WEAKNESSES: -too firmly focused on the political concerns to allow for the generation of original theory -promotes leaders to go against basic ethical concerns

"THE ENDS JUSTIFIES THE MEANS"

Concepts of Justice- influenced by many Greek philosophers, especially Plato. -however, he argued against most of the Platonic philosophy.- Plato believed in just rulers, where as Machiavelli believed in “Virtu,” in which refers to whatever was best for the state. - Machiavelli also believed that one must sacrifice morals in order to attain political power, due to the competitive nature of man. -The philosopher stated that the only purpose for a ruler was to make war, and protect its citizens from attacks from other states. The ruler, therefore, is justified in doing whatever is necessary to maintain the country, even if it is unjust.

Who was he?-born May 3rd 1469 in Florence Italy-a political philospher in the Renaissance- musician, playwrighter,essayist, dramatist, historian, sketch writer, biographer, dialogist and poet.


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