Next-Gen

Maasai interactive poster

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by baileywelshans
Last updated 4 months ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
World Culture
Grade:
12

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Maasai interactive poster

Quick Facts~Around 1 million people live within the Maasai boundaries.~ Cattle, goats, and sheep are The Maasai's primary income, with cattle being the most valuable.~Homes are made of mud, sticks, grass, cow dung and cow's urine.~Maasai rely on meat, milk, and blood from cattle to fulfill their protein and calorie needs. ~The Maasai people are semi-nomadic people. They work from of a communal land management system, and move livestock based on the season.~ Maasai live in Kraals, in a circular form, surrounded by a fence made of thorns to keep lions from the cattle. ~ Inkajijik are what Maasai call houses, and are usually loaf-shaped with two rooms. ~A man's wealth is measured by the amount of cattle he owns and children he has.~Burials are never done beacause it ruins the soil, and dishonrs the god. Only certain chiefs are buried. ~Several Maasai have become Christians, and only a few have converted to the Muslim religious beliefs.

The Maasai culture

~Timeline~

About the culture:Language: Maa(Olmaa) the origins have been traced to east, present-day Juba(southern Sudan). In schooling, they are also taught English and Swahili.Religion: Traditional beliefs- unlike most of Kenya & Tanzania but like much of Africa. Maasai people believe in one high god (Enkai) who formed 3 different groups of people: -Hunters & Gatherers collecting honey and wild animals- Farmers collecting seed & grain-Those who are blessed to watch after cattle.

A Maasai woman with her yound child before a gathering.

A group of children almost at the age of adulthood, laughing together.

A tyipical Maasai home, housing several children plus their parents. Homes are made out of many natural things.

Rites of Passage: For Maasai men and women, rites of passage are very painful. One not so brutal is ear piercing. It is very vital and common in the culture, and everyone does it. The cartilage is pierced with hot iron, and when this heals, a hole is cut in the ear lobe. Maasai hang long jewelry from their ears, so their ears are gradually enlarged by inserting rolls of leaves made of wood or mud. Earlobes that stretch to the shoulders are considered perfect.

Economy: Trade is another very important element to the Maasai subsistence economy. Livestock are traded for other livestock, cash, or things such as milk and siege. Individual & families develop close ties through exchange of cattle. Women also make and sell jewelry and clothing.

Government: The Maasai economy is dependent on the market economy. Livestock products are sold to other groups in Kenya, and are used to purchase beads, clothing, and grains. Cows and goats are also sold for uniform and school fees for children. Children are commonly seen in town selling also.

Bibliography

Roles & Responsibilities ~Men are responsible for guarding the village, and children are responsible for herding cattle, but only on weekend when there is not school. ~Women are responsible for making the houses, supplying water, collecting firewood, milking cattle and cooking for their family. However, they are very voiceless. Maasai Women don't have many rights, if any. ~Elders are the directors for daily activities, and announce the schedule every morning to the village.

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