Lyme Disease

In Glogpedia

by lucy0817
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Health & Fitness
Subject:
Health
Grade:
10

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Lyme Disease

• Caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi. • Transmitted to humans by deer ticks or blacklegged ticks. • First recognized in 1975.• Most cases of occur in late spring and early summer.• To infect its host, a tick typically must attach to the skin for at least 36 hours.• About 95% of all cases occur in the Northeast and the Upper Midwest.•It takes 4-6 weeks for the immune system to make antibodies against the bacteria, in order to show up positive in a blood test.

• Antibiotics like doxycycline or amoxicillin are taken orally for two to four weeks.• Intravenous (IV) antibiotics is for serious cases and for people whose nervous system has been affected.• Patients 8 years or younger and pregnant or lactating women with Lyme disease use amoxicillin or penicillin because doxycycline can stain the teeth in young kids or unborn babies. Patients allergic to penicillin are given erythromycin or similar antibiotics.• Patients with heart symptoms are given Rocephin, Claforan, or penicillin for about two weeks.

Disea e

Treatment

Facts

• Caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi.• Caused by ticks bitting humans for at least 36 hours; the bite then transfers the bacterium into the body.

Causes

Lyme

Diagnosis

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Symptoms

Prevention

• Erythma migrans (Skin Rash)• Arthritis• Neurological Symptoms• Heart Problems• Eye inflammation• Fatigue• Headache• Fever

• Avoid deer ticks(Blacklegged ticks)

By: Lucia Uliambre. P.2

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• Lyme Disease is diagnosed through an ELISA or Western blot blood test.


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