Lyme Disease

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by Maximosy123
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Health & Fitness
Subject:
Health
Grade:
11

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Lyme Disease

Borrelia burgdorferi

The Bacteria

Lyme Disease

The initial habitat for this bacteria is the white-footed mouse. It feeds on the blood of the mouse, without causing negative affects for the animal, until some of the bacteria is transferred to a tick.

The Black-legged Tick

Patient X: The White-Footed Mouse

Human Infection

Lyme disease is very harmful to humans. It takes 24 to 36 hours for a tick to transmit the bacteria, but once it does, symptoms may include flu-like symptoms like stiff neck, chills, fever, swollen joints, headaches, fatigue, muscle aches, and joint pain. If contracted during pregnancy, it could result in fatal infections or a still birth. No positive uses for the Borrelia burgdorferi bacteria have been found.

Lyme disease is a bacteria that belongs to the eubacteria kingdom. These bacteria require a host organism to survive. It connot be spread from human to human.

They are found in the blood of the organisms they infect. The bacteria is in the shape of a corkscrew so it can easily swim through bloodstreams.

The black-legged tick, in its nymph stage, preys on small rodents such as the white-footed mouse. Individuals that feed on this mouse contract the bacteria. With every new stage of a tick's life, it must detach and find a new host and, as they grow, they find larger hosts. Ticks spread the bacteria from the mice to humans, dogs, and many other animals.

The famous "bull's eye" mark left by infected ticks.

Lyme disease can be treated by antibiotics; usually a single dose of 200mg of doxycyline. This has been found to cure 87% of cases.

This bacteria is found in wooded ecosystems or anywhere else that ticks and small rodents can be found. The bacteria cannot live on its own.

Sources:www.lymeticks.orgwww.lymemd.orgento.psu.eduwww.cdc.gov/lymetransmitionwww.pnas.org

By: Victor Papaiz


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