Lyme Disease

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by mykill
Last updated 8 years ago

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Health & Fitness
Subject:
Health

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Lyme Disease

Lyme Disease

Lyme disease is caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi and is transmitted to humans through the bite of infected blacklegged ticks. Typical symptoms include fever, headache, fatigue, and a characteristic skin rash called erythema migrans. If left untreated, infection can spread to joints, the heart, and the nervous system. Lyme disease is diagnosed based on symptoms, physical findings (e.g., rash), and the possibility of exposure to infected ticks; laboratory testing is helpful if used correctly and performed with validated methods. Most cases of Lyme disease can be treated successfully with a few weeks of antibiotics. Steps to prevent Lyme disease include using insect repellent, removing ticks promptly, applying pesticides, and reducing tick habitat. The ticks that transmit Lyme disease can occasionally transmit other tickborne diseases as well.

--First recognized in 1975 in Lyme, Connecticut.--1981 was identified as B.Burgdorferi by Wily Burgdorfer--rodent and deers play vital parts to its spread.--Ötzi the Iceman, a 5,300-year-old mummy,earliest known human with Lyme disease

Tick Lifecycle

How Lyme Disease works

Symptoms--Erythma migrans(bull's-eye rash,70% to 80% of cases,appears between three days and a few weeks of a tick bite,fever, headache, stiff neck, body aches, and fatigue.--Arthritis,after weeks without treatment of antibiotics--Neurological symptoms. Lyme disease can also affect the nervous system, causing symptoms such as stiff neck and severe headache (meningitis), temporary paralysis of facial muscles (Bell's palsy), numbness, pain or weakness in the limbs, or poor coordination.--Heart problems. Fewer than one out of 10 Lyme disease patients develops heart problems, such as an irregular, slow heartbeat, which can be signaled by dizziness or shortness of breath.--Other symptoms. Less commonly, Lyme disease can result in eye inflammation and severe fatigue, although none of these problems is likely to appear without other Lyme disease symptoms being present.

Lyme Disease DiagnosisL --ELISA. This blood test measures the levels of antibodies against the Lyme disease bacteria that are present in the body. Antibodies are molecules or small substances tailor-made by the immune system to lock onto and destroy specific microbial invaders. --Western blot. This blood test identifies antibodies directed against a panel of proteins found on the Lyme bacteria. The test is ordered when the ELISA result is either positive or uncertain.--Spinal tap is a procedure in which spinal fluid is removed from the spinal canal for the purpose of diagnosis in a laboratory. Through this procedure, doctors can detect brain and spinal cord inflammation and can look for antibodies against the Lyme disease bacterium in the spinal fluid.

Lyme Disease Treated--Antibiotics, such as doxycycline or amoxicillin taken orally for two to four weeks.--Intravenous (IV) antibiotics may be used for more serious cases and for someone whose nervous system has been affected.--Vaccine (LYMErix)

Massage therapists help-- Prevention-- Proper tick removal-- Detection-- Alleviate Lyme discomforts such as Tendon, bursa and joint pain may be relieved, but of course therapists must avoid irritating inflamed areas. Headaches can be addressed, along with other neurological issues like facial paralysis and neuropathy, as long as sensation is intact and the client can give good feedback about comfort. Perhaps more than anything else, massage therapists can be receptive, supportive givers of comfort to clients who live with a frustrating and often very threatening condition.

Sources-http://www.cdc.gov/lyme/,http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0g_lt0FcQag,http://www.massagetoday.com/mpacms/mt/article.php?id=14101


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