Lung Cancer Research

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by asmatias
Last updated 4 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Health & Medicine
Grade:
11

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Lung Cancer Research

Lung Cancer Research

What are the expected rates of Cancer for 2014? Overall?

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ConclusionDon't smoke, because this heightens the risk factor for lung cancer. Live in a non-pollutant heavy environment and ask your doctor for any health questions or concerns.

The American Cancer Society’s estimates for lung cancer in the United States for 2014 are:About 224,210 new cases of lung cancer (116,000 in men and 108,210 in women)An estimated 159,260 deaths from lung cancer (86,930 in men and 72,330 among women).

Overall, the chance that a man will develop lung cancer in his lifetime is about 1 in 13; for a woman, the risk is about 1 in 16. These numbers include both smokers and non-smokers.

What are the signs and symptoms?

Common Factors: -Chest pain -deep breathing, -coughing, or laughing, -Hoarseness, -Weight loss and loss of appetite, -Coughing up blood or rust-colored sputum (spit or phlegm), -Shortness of breath, -Feeling tired or weak, -bronchitis and pneumonia that don’t go away or keep coming back, -New onset of wheezing

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Environmental/Occupational: Exposure to Asbestos at the workplace, coke, uranium (an important fuel in the manufacture of iron in smelters, blast furnaces, and foundries)

What can happen as it spreads to distant organs?

Bone pain (like pain in the back or hips)Nervous system changes (such as headache, weakness or numbness of an arm or leg, dizziness, balance problems, or seizures), from cancer spread to the brain or spinal cordYellowing of the skin and eyes (jaundice), from cancer spread to the liver

What are common syndromes of NSCLC?

High blood calcium levels (hypercalcemia), which can cause frequent urination, thirst, constipation, nausea, vomiting, belly pain, weakness, fatigue, dizziness, confusion, and other nervous system problems

Excess growth of certain bones, especially those in the finger tips, which is often painfulBlood clotsExcess breast growth in men (gynecomastia)

What is radon and its relation to Lung Cancer?

Radon is a naturally occurring gas that comes from rocks and dirt and can get trapped in houses and buildings. It cannot be seen, tasted, or smelled. According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), radon causes about 20,000 cases of lung cancer each year, making it the second leading cause of lung cancer.

Summary

-Cancer can affect everyone-Lung Cancer can be reduced/prevented by not smoking and not inhaling harmful gase in the air-It may be mistaken for the common cold, but cancer worsens over time

-It not only impacts the lungs, but spreads to distant organs throughout the body-Men are at a higher risk than women to develop lung cancer in their lifetime according to statistics


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