Low Incidence Disabilities

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by ChemSammi
Last updated 7 years ago

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Low Incidence Disabilities

Autism Spectrum DisorderSome form of autism affects 2 – 6 of every 1,000 children, with the most recent statistic being 1 in 110 IDEA defines autism as "a developmental disability significantly affecting verbal and nonverbal communication and social interaction, usually evident before age 3...”Children with autism or one of the other disorders on the autism spectrum can differ considerably with respect to their abilities, intelligence, and behavior.Instructional Modifications*Develop and use visuals for instruction*Evaluate and assess sensory needs and schedule sensory activities throughout the day*Develop social stories and social scripts*Give the student choices and control*Assess and use interests and strengths of the person to structure both curriculum and free-time activities

Traumatic Brain InjuryApproximately 1.7 million people receive traumatic brain injuries every year. IDEA defines TBI "an acquired injury to the brain caused by an external physical force, resulting in total or partial functional disability or psychosocial impairment, or both..."TBI can have very different symptoms depending on where the brain is injured and how severely. Children with TBI may have physical disabilities, difficulties thinking, social, behavioral, and/or emotional problemsInstructional Modifications*Give the student more time to finish schoolwork and tests.*Give directions one step at a time and/or give the student written directions.*Show the student how to perform new tasks. *Have consistent routines. *Check to make sure that the student has actually learned the new skill. *Show the student how to use an assignment book and a daily schedule. *Realize that the student may get tired quickly. Let the student rest as needed.*Reduce distractions.*Be flexible about expectations. Be patient. Maximize the student’s chances for success.

Low Incidence Disabilities

"My disability has opened my eyes to see my true abilities." - Robert M. Hensel -

IDEA 2004Disability CategorizationSensory disabilities visual impairments, hearing impairments, and deaf-blindnessPhysical neurological disabilitiesorthopedic, other health impairments, traumatic brain injury, multiple disabilities, and autismDevelopmental disabilities specific learning disabilities, speech and language impairments, emotional impairments, cognitive impairments, and developmental delays

DeafnessProfound deafness occurs in 4-11 per 10,000 children; in at least 50% of these cases, the cause is genetic IDEA defines deafness as “a hearing impairment that is so severe that the child is impaired in processing linguistic information through hearing, with or without amplification.”Hearing loss or deafness does not affect a person’s intellectual capacity or ability to learn.Instructional Modifications*Regular speech, language, and auditory training *Amplification systems*Services of an interpreter for those students who use sign language*Favorable seating in the class to facilitate lip reading*Captioned films/videos*Assistance of a notetaker, so that the student can fully attend to instruction

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