Louis Armstrong

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Louis Armstrong

HARDSHIPSArmstrong was born in a poor black neighborhood in New Orleans. His parents separated when he was five years old. When he was 13 years old, he fired a gun into the air to celebrate New Year's Eve, and was sent to the Negro Waif's Home as a punishment.

ADVANTAGESThe Negro Waif's Home had a band director who took an interest in Armstrong and taught him how to play the bugle. By the time he left the Home, he knew how to read music and play the cornet. As he got older, he recoreded his own music with a group of musicians called the Hot Five or the Hot Seven.--depending on how many were available at one time. Armstrong recorded hundreds of songs , but one of his most famous is ''What a Wonderful World.''

Louis Armstrong was a jazz musician, trumpet player, and singer. Some people believe he was the greatest jazz performer ever!

Armstrong got the nickname ''Satchmo'' while he was performing in England. It's short for ''satchelmouth,'' which described the way Armstrong's cheeks puffed out when he played the trumpet.

Armstrong is often given credit for the invention of a jazz technique called ''scat singing'' where a singer improvises a song using nonsense syllables--like ''doo bee doo bee doot doot.'' According to the story, Armstrong dropped his music onstage and had to keep singing until someone picked up his music for him.

Louis Armstrong

Born: July 4, 1900 in New Orleans, LouisianaDied: July 6, 1971 in Long Island, New York

BIBLIOGRAPHY: ''Louis Armstrong.'' Contemporary Black Biography, Volume 2. Gale Research, 1992. Reproduced in Biography Resource Center. Farmington Hills, Mich.: Gale, 2010. http://galenet.galegroup.com/servlet/BioRC


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