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by Antalovtsi
Last updated 6 years ago

Social Studies

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DemographicsLondon is the capital of England and the United Kingdom. Its core area is 1,579 square km with a population of 7.2 million, administered by 32 Borough Councils as Greater London County. However as any visitor sees, it is an indeterminate area of around 12 million,taking into account the areas of the Home Counties that merge into the capital. This makes it exceptional if only for the reason that a quarter of the population of England is in this densely populated area. In 2004 a "metropolitan area" was defined by the Greater London local government that is not yet approved by central government,which incorporates an area that has a population of 18 km.

CultureLondon is home to many museums, galleries and other institutions. The first of these has to be established was the British museum in Bloomsbury, in 1753. In 1824 the National Gallery was founded to house the British National collection of Western paintings; this now occupies a prominent position in Trafalgar Square.

ClimateLondon has a temperate oceanic climate, similar to all of the Southern Britain. Despite its reputation as being a rainy city, London receives less precipitation, than Rome, Bordeaux, Toulouse and even Sydney. Summers aregenerally warm and sometimes hot. Winters are generally cool and damp with little temperature variation. Spring and autumn are mixed and can be pleasant.

Buckingham PalaceIt is the official London residence of the Queen and the largest "working" royal palace remaining in the world. The palace was built for the Duke of Buckingham in 1703 but bought by George III in 1762 as a private residence.

Tower BridgeIt itself is London's most dramatic river crossing and a world landmark. It is so called as it is very close to the Tower of London. After 1886, it took another 8 years to build it in a mock Victorian Gothic Tower.

National Gallery of Art



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