Living vs. Extinct Species: Wooly Mammoth

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by estratton1
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Social Studies

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Living vs. Extinct Species: Wooly Mammoth

Living vs. Extinct Species

Erika StrattonWednesday 4:15-6:15

LS.4.2.1Compare and contrast living and extinct species

Wooly Mammoths are now extinct, but their relative, the African elephant is still living.

Extinct- a species having no living members

Facts about Wooly Mammoths: -The last Wooly Mammoths went extinct about 4,000 years ago.-Wooly Mammoths lived during the Ice Age. -Wooly Mammoths were hunted by early human beings.-The first wooly mammoth skeleton was discovered in 1799-Wooly Mammoths had small ears compared to today's elephants-Wooly Mammoths were covered in fat and fur.-One day, it may be possible to clone a Wooly Mammoth.

To learn more fun facts about Wooly Mammoths, click the graphics below:

During the last Ice Age, there were many large, interesting mammals, like the saber-toothed cats, giant ground sloths, mastodons, and mammoths. These animals have long since gone extinct and are known mostly from fossils, from frozen, mummified carcasses, and even from ancient cave drawings. The last Ice Age started about 70,000 years ago and ended about 10,000 years ago (during the Pleistocene epoch). The Earth was much colder than it is now; snow accumulated on much of the land, glaciers and ice sheets extended over large areas and the sea levels were lower. These phenomena changed the surface of the earth, forming lakes, changing the paths of rivers, eroding land, and depositing sand, gravel, and rocks along the glaciers' paths.

Woolly mammoths are extinct relatives of today’s elephants. They lived during the last ice age, and they may have died off when the weather became warmer and their food supply changed. Humans may also be partly responsible for their disappearance due to hunting. Their ears were smaller than those of today’s elephants. This was probably an adaptation to the cold climate that kept their ears closer to their heads and kept them warmer. Their tusks were very long, about 15 feet (5 meters) and were used for fighting and digging in the deep snow. Mammoths were herbivores and ate mostly grass, but also ate other types of plants and flowers.

Not all mammoths were woolly, you know. There were four species that settled in different parts of the world. Moeritherium-This small, pig-like creature was the first of the elephant line. It had no trunk or tusks.Phiomia-Not much bigger thanmoeritherium, phiomiadid have the beginnings of a trunk and tusks on its lower jaw.Deinotherium-The first elephant ancestor with a real trunk and tusks, which curved downward.Stegodon-Large with long, straight tusks, stegodon looked much like today's elephants.American mastodon-This contemporary of woolly mammoth lived in North America and had a shaggy coat.


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