Living Things

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by marquescorner
Last updated 6 years ago

Life Science

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Living Things





THE ENVIRONMENT AND YOUWHAT IS THE ENVIRONMENT?The environment is everything in the world around us that surrounds and affects all life on earth, including the air, food chains, the water cycle, plants, animals and other humans. Five basic needs of human beings from the environment are oxygen, water, food, shelter and warmth.HOW DO WE GET ALL THIS FROM THE ENVIRONMENT? We get these from the planet on which we live. We breathe oxygen from the air. We get water from the rain which fills our lakes, rivers and creeks and which we store in dams, reservoirs and water tanks. We get food from the plants, animals, fish and birds. We get shelter from the materials we take out of the earth and from plants that grow in the earth (trees) to make our homes. We get warmth from the sun, fire, power (electricity, gas, oil) and our clothing. Apart from warmth and light from the sun, these all come from our planet.HUMAN IMPACT ON THE ENVIRONMENTOver the years the human population has grown and grown and this has had a huge impact on the environment of our planet and this impact has caused changes which have affected our atmosphere by polluting it (too much smoke, carbon dioxide and other 'green house gases' such as methane), by making holes in the ozone layer which protects us from some harmful rays of the sun.SOME EASY TIPS TO PROTECT THE ENVIRONMENTHave showers rather than baths. Short showers use less water and also there is less use of energy to heat the water. Clean your teeth by putting water into a glass. Use the water for wetting your toothbrush, rinsing your mouth and cleaning your brush.Help your family save water by using a watering can to water plants and vegetables in the garden rather than using a hose. Maybe you could help recycle the water from the washing machine. Keep doors and curtains or blinds closed in summer during the day to keep out the heat.Open doors and windows on summer evenings to let cooler air into the house.During winter open curtains and blinds during the day to let in any sunshine, then close them in the evening to keep in the heat.Don't switch on lights during the day and switch off the computer, tv or radio if you are not using it. Turn your TV or computer off at the wall rather than use power by leaving it on standby. At school remember to switch off lights when the room is empty. Walk or use your bike whenever it is safe to do so. Sort out the garbage into what can be recycled and what can't. Use the recycle bin. Save computer paper by printing on both sides.Make your pet environmentally friendly. How? If you have a cat, keep it inside at night. Cats like to hunt and many small native animals are killed by them. Put small bells on its collar so that it can be heard.Clean up after your dog when you go for a walk. I know it's yucky but if you use a plastic bag you'll keep your hands clean, as well as the ground where others want to walk, and you might stop disease spreading. Have your dog or cat de-sexed so that there are not lots of unwanted baby animals brought into the world. Perhaps you could make sure you only have boy rabbits, or only girl rabbits – so they do not make babies. If you no longer want your pet rabbit, dog, cat, or even goldfish don't just dump it. These animals can all survive in the wild, by taking the food of native creatures or killing animals, birds, fish and insects. Help protect our wildlife by finding your pet a new home or talking to your vet about what you can do.


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