Little Rock Nine

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Social Studies
American History

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Little Rock Nine

Brown Vs. The Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas In 1954, the Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas, declared that segregration in public schools was unconstitutional. Not much changed until 1957 when 9 African American high school students tried to attend all-white Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas. Governor Orval Faubus was against integration and ordered the Arkansas National Guard to prevent the students from entering the school on September 4. That continued until September 24, when President Dwight Eisenhower put the Arkansas National Guard under federal control so that the governor couldn't tell them what to do. He then sent the 101 Airborne Division to escort the Nine to school every day. The Nine students were harassed through the year, but Ernest Green eventually graduated that spring. By the next school year, Governor Faubus ordered all of Little Rock's public high schools closed for the school year. The press coverage of the nine brave students focused national attention on the Brown decision and fueled the fire of the growing civil rights movement. In 1958 the LIttle Rock Nine received a medal for their contributions to the civil rights movement and in 1999 they were awarded the Congressional Gold Medal, which is one of the nation's highest civilian awards.

1) In 1954, the Supreme Court declared school segregation unconstitutional.2) In 1957, Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas was going to have to admit African-American students for the first time.3) Due to prejudice of the people of Arkansas, Governor Orval Faubus ordered the Arkansas National Guard to prevent the Little Rock Nine from entering the school.

Ernest Green, first of the Little Rock Nine to graduate from Central High School.

Troopers getting the Nine out of school safely

President Eisenhower with Civil Rights Leaders

Little Rock Nine getting ready for their first day at Central High School

The Little Rock Nine: End of School Segregation

The Civil Rights Movement

Teenagers Can Make a Difference!

"The Little Rock Nine"'"The Little Rock Nine

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