Life In Ancient Egypt

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Social Studies
Ancient History

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Life In Ancient Egypt

Political Ruler

Poltical rulers are an important part of the Egyptian culture. There were different rulers in this period of time. Theocracy, pharaohs, and bureacrats were all involved in this time period. Theocracy is a government in which the same person is the political leader and the religious leader. The egyptians created this because they knew the importance of people living under certain principles and beliefs. Pharohs were the leaders of the kingdoms. They held all power. Anything the pharoh ordered, everyone followed. Egyptians were extremely respectful towards the pharaoh whom they thought was the son of the egyptian sun god, Re and was to protect Earth.

Every life of Egypt was affected by religion. Egyptians believed in multiple gods and goddesses who controlled the natural forces and human activites. Most Egyptians believed life after death would be better than their current life now. To prepare for the afterlife, Egyptians studied magic spells and prayers from a book The Book of The Dead.It was believed that Osiris, a previous pharaoh, would greet those at the gate to the nest would and only accpeted and gave eternal life to those who had good lives and knew the spells. During early Egyptian times though, it was believed only pharaohs could go to the afterlife, and only if their body was protected, could the soul continue to protect Egypt. If the body decaded then the soul wouldn't survive in the afterlife. As time passed, Egyptians started to believe the afterlife was for everyone, even animals. As this was starting to be beileved, people started embalming bodies to protect them for the afterlife. In the process of embalming, the priests remove the organs, which are stored in special jars and buried with the body, then covered in a salt called natron and stored for a few days. The salt causes the body to shrink from drying up the water inside. Next the body is then filled with spices and tightly wrapped in stripes of linen. The body is then known as a mummy. The mummy is then placed in a comb and stored in a decorated tomb. If the body was the body of a poor person it would then be buried in caves or sand. Due to the tradition of embalming, Egyptians learned a lot about the human body. This helped them learn how to sew cuts and heal broken bones. Egyptians wrote down medical information on scrolls. These are the worlds first medical books.

Religion, Afterlife, and Medical Skills

Daily Life


The daily life between an Egyptian in ancient Egypt and someone in todays modern world has changed dramatically. Just like todays world, the roles we play affect our position in society. Back in ancient Egypt the king and his family were the highest class. The middle class contained priests, nobles, artisans, shopkeepers, scribes, farmers, and herders. In the bottom class were the unskilled workers. Everyone lived differently too. Highest class lived in gorgeous two-to-three story homes along the Nile River. The middle class people lived in smaller homes than the higher class but were still nice and big. The lower class lived in mud or brick house with dirt floors. The way Egyptians dressed effected their status as well. The higher class dressed in fashionable white linen clothes with jewlery and dark eye make up. The middle class dressed more simply than the upper class. The lower class wore dirty clothes. The family is the most important group in ancient Egypt. The father was the head of household. The women had a similar legal status to the men. The obtain divorces, buy and sell goods, and own property. The wealthy women even served as priests and performing religious ceremonies. Most women of higher class stay at home while the husbands work. Only a few Egyptian children attended school. The mothers taught their daughters how to sew, cook, and run a household. Boys learned how to farm or other trades from their fathers. This was important since the oldest son would inherit his fathers business. Unlike todays society, Egyptians were expected to get married and start families in their teenage years. The upper classes lived in a family made of only the two parents and their children. The lower class lived in extended families made of the older adults, their married children, and their families.

In honor of the pharaohs, the Egyptians bulit giant tombs made of stone called pyramids. The pyramids protected the bodies from natural disasters, animals, and theives. Egyptians belived the pharaohs would be happy if they had their personal belongings with them and stored their weapons, clothing, jewlery, furniture in the pyramids. The Egyptians spent thousands of hard working years building these pyramids. Workers searched near the Nile river or Upper Egypt for stone. Once some stone was found, artisans would cut it into big blocks and fasten it with rope onto wooden sleds. These sleds would be pulled along a path made of logs to the Nile River and thus traveled on barges that carried them to the building sites. While building these pyramids, the Egyptians discovered many important things such as our 365-day calender which the Egyptians used out of knew knowledge from studying the skies. They also made advanced mathmatics by creating written numbers based on 10 and creating fractions. The biggest and most important pyramid, out of the three that are still standing, is The Great Pyramid. The Great Pyramid was built for King Kufu. It's as tall as a 48-story building and weighs around 2.5 tons.

Life In Ancient Egypt


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