Life in Ancient Egypt

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by lmslions54
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Ancient History
Grade:
8

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Life in Ancient Egypt

The Egyptian's ruler was once called a King but is now known as a pharaoh. The Egyptians were greatly loyal to the pharaoh because they believed that a strong ruler unified their kingdom and helped them survive such disasters as war and famine. They were also very loyal to the pharaoh because they thought he was the son on Re, the Egyptian sun god. The pharaoh chose bureacucrats to carry out his orders. They would collect tax payments and supervise the construction and repair of dams, irragations canals, and brich granaries.

Life in Ancient Egypt"Old Kingdom"

A Political Ruler

The Egyptians worshiped many gods and goddessess and believed they were very powerful. The two most important gods were the sun god Re and the river god Hapi. They were the most significant because the Egyptians relied on the sun and the river to grow crops, bathe, trade, to drink, and many other things. Osiris was a pharoah who gave the Egyptians laws and taught them how to farm. The egyptians believed that life after death would be even better than present life. Egyptians would study prayers and mguc spells out of The Book of the Dead to prepare for afterlife. They believed that if they had led good lives and knew the spells Osiris would give them eternal life. Later on, the process of embalding emerged so that Egyptians could protect bodies for the afterlife. By embalding the Egyptians learned a lot about the human body and the knowledge helped them develop basic merdical skills. Egyptians also wrote down medical information on papyrus scrolls. These records were the world's first medical books.

Religion, Afterlife, & Medical Skills

The Egyptians honored their pharaohs in a special way. They built great tombs called pyramids. Centries after they were built, these monuments still tower over the desert sands. The Egyptians believed the pyramids protected the bodies of dead pharaohs from floods, wild animals, and robbers. Egypt's population was around 5 million people. Most anciient egyptians lived in the Nile valley and delta. The roles of the people in ancient Egypt reflected their social status, or position in society. The upper class consisted of the king or pharoh and his family. The small upper class consisted of army commanders, nobles, and priests. Traders, artisans, and scribes made up the middle class. The lowest but largest groups in Egyptian society was made up of farmers and unskilled workers.

Pyramids & Daily Life


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