Lewis and Clark

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by RyanMyumyum64
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
American History
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Lewis and Clark

Meriwether Lewis was born on August 18, 1774 to William Lewis and Lucy Meriwether (William's cousin) on the Lewis family estate, Locust Hill, in Albemarle County, VA. The Lewis and Meriwether families were among the first to settle in the region, and they became great friends with the Jeffersons (Thomas Jerfferson). In 1779 William Lewis died of pneumonia from trying to cross a river while on military leave to come home to visit his family. His mother, Lucy, married Captain John Marks, a retired officer, in May of 1780, and the family soon moved to Broad River Valley, Georgia. While in Georgia, Lewis learned to better his hunting skills and being an outdoorsman, his mother taught him to collect wild herbs for medicinal purposes, his half-brother, John, and his half-sister Mary were born, and he became interested in what would become his lifelong passion, history. Between the ages of 12 and 14, Lewis decided to go back to Virginia to manage Locust Hill, and obtain a formal education. Lewis was taught by Parsons William Douglas, who also taught Jefferson, Madison, and Monroe, three of our future presidents, and Matthew Maury. He also had other teachers such as Dr. Charlez Everitt, and Rev. James Wadddell. In 1792 John Marks died, and Lucy, John, and Mary all came back to Virginia where the size of Locust Hill was increasing under Lewis' management. In 1807, President Jefferson appointed him governor of Louisiana.

Accomplishments

William Clark was born on August 1, 1770 to John Clark III, and Ann Rogers in Caroline County, Virginia. Clark was from a large family. Before moving to Caroline County his mother and father had four children, and while in Caroline County they had six more children including William. Unlike William, the older brothers in the family received classical educations. This is most likely why William's journal entries from the expedition had such odd spellings. His brothers, George Rogers and Jonathan, had received the ranking of General, and letters of commendation during the Revolutionary War. This inspired William to enlist; so five years after moving to Louisville, William joined the army in 1789. While in the army he met his soon to be fellow companion on his expedition, Meriwether Lewis. In 1796, Clark was forced to retire from the army because he had suffered from an illness. This worked out because he was now able to help his family straighten out their business affairs. William Clark kept in touch with his friend Meriwether Lewis after their time together in the army, and when Lewis asked Clark to be a co-captain on an expedition Clark eagerly accepted, and their journey would soon begin. In 1813, four years after Lewis' death, Clark became the governor of Louisiana, and he also became the superintendent of Indian Affairs.

1. Lewis and Clark established good relations with the Indian tribes that were discovered.2. They accuarately mapped the discovered region.3. They documented over 100 species of animals, and 176 plant species.

Contributions

1. The expedition took away some of the mystery and fear of the unexplored West. 2. Also, the American fur trade flourished for the next few decades because of the news brought back about the vast amounts of beaver and waterways that could be a means of transporting the beaver fur. 3. With the fur trade came the "mountain men" or the trappers of the beavers. While pursing these rodents, the "mountain men" were able to explore much more of the West and would bring back the information about the land to Lewis and Clark who were continually mapping the West.4. The expedition strengthened America's claim to the Oregon country.

Citations

Works CitedHall, Eleanor J. "Looking Backward: An Evaluation of the Lewis and Clark Expedition." The Lewis and Clark Expedition. San Diego: Lucent, 1996. 94-96. Print.Imgcdn.geocaching. Web. 5 Oct. 2014. ."The Lewis and Clark Expedition." YouTube. YouTube, 29 Mar. 2010. Web. 05 Oct. 2014. ."Meriwether Lewis." Biography of. Virginia Center for Digital History. Web. 05 Oct. 2014. .Wikimedia. Web. 5 Oct. 2014. ."William Clark." Biography of. Virginia Center for Digital History. Web. 05 Oct. 2014. .

Lewis and Clark

Biography of Meriwether Lewis

The Lewis and Clark Expedition

Biography of William Clark


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