Lev Vygotsky

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by mvasso
Last updated 7 years ago

Social Studies

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Lev Vygotsky

-Attended Moscow University 1913-1917; he earned a degree in law. -After graduation, he started teaching at various institutions. -Vygotsky's first big research project was in 1925 with his Psychology of Art.-A few years later, he pursued a career as a psychologist working with Alexander Luria and Alexei Leontiev.-Vygotsky had no formal training in psychology but it showed that he was fascinated by it.

Theory Explained

-Born on November 17th, 1896 in Orsha, Belarus. -Died on June 11th, 1934 in Moscow, Russia. -38 years old.

Vygotsky developed a sociocultural approach to cognitive development. (Your culture and environment directly impacts your learning and how you learn.) Four Basics of Sociocultural Development -Children construct their knowledge-Development cannot be separated from its social context-Learning can lead development-Language plays a central part in mental development. Children learn directly from watching and copying a tutor (usually a parent or teacher). When teaching, according to Vygotsky, the tutor should help and explain the goal to the child. As s/he starts to become more competent at the task the tutor allows the child to do it more independently.



Founder and father of Sociocultural Theory.


Lasting Impact

While I do agree with Vygotsky’s theory of children needing social interaction to learn; and that learning will change depending on what culture they learn from, I also agree with Piaget’s. Vygotsky focused on the social aspect of children’s learning, while Piaget focused on the child’s individual learning. I believe both are important, and both theories should be considered together instead of separate.

Vygotsky developed his theories at around the same time as Jean Piaget was starting to develop his ideas, 1920's and 30's, but he died when he was 38 of turbuculosis and so his theories are incomplete; although some of his writings are still being translated from Russian.

Where and When

Personal Reflection

"Learning is more than the acquisition of the ability to think; it is the acquisition of many specialised abilities for thinking about a variety of things." - Lev Vygotsky, Mind in Society, 1978


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