Lester B.Pearson

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by elaine205
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Social Studies
Politicians and Presidents

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Lester B.Pearson

Deputy Minister of External Affairs In September 1946, Pearson was summoned home by Prime Minister Mackenzie King to become deputy minister of external affairs. By the time NATO was in place, Pearson had left the civil service for politics. In September 1948, he became minister of external affairs. As minister, he helped lead Canada into the Korean War as an allie to the United Nation army and, in 1952, served as president of the UN General Assembly, where he tried to find a solution to the conflict. In December 1967, Pearson announced his intention to retire and in April 1968 a Liberal convention picked Pierre Trudeau as his replacment.

Lester B.Pearson

Early Life and CareerLester B. Pearson was born on 23 April 1897 in Newtonbrook, ON; and died 27 December 1972 in Ottawa, ON. Pearson spent his childhood moving from one parsonage to another before enrolling in history at the University of Toronto. within the First World War he enlisted in the Canadian Army Medical Corps and in 1915, he was shipped to Greece to join the Allied armies fighting the Bulgarians. After two years he moved on to the Royal Flying Corps in England. His military career came to an end when he was run over by a London bus and invalided home.He tried law and business, won a fellowship to Oxford, and was hired by the University of Toronto to teach history, which he combined with tennis and coaching football.By 1928 he had trained himself as a perceptive observer and an able writer, both useful qualities in his work. Pearson quickly caught the attention of his deputy minister, O.D. Skelton.

LegacyPearson left behind a notable legacy of considering: a Canada Pension Plan, a universal medicare system, a unified armed force, and a new flag. Its approach to the problem of Canada's economically disadvantaged regions was less successful and its legacy.

Representing Canada AbroudIn 1935 he was sent to London as first secretary in the Canadian High Commission, giving him a front-row seat as Europe started drawing towards the Second World War. In 1941 Pearson returned to Canada, he was sent to Washington as second-in-command at the Canadian Legation in 1942. In 1945, he was named Canadian ambassador to the United States and attended the founding conference of the United Nations at San Francisco.


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