Leonidas I (Spartan Warrior/King)

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Leonidas I (Spartan Warrior/King)

Leonidas was born in 530 B.C. to Spartan king Anaxandrides in Sparta, Greece. He has two brothers Dorieus, Cleombrotus and one half-brother Cleomenes I. He married Cleomenes daughter Gorgo who is his half niece. He had one child his name is Pleistarchus. Education: Since Leonidas was not heir to the apparent throne he had to go to a school called Agōgē in order to qualify as a Spartan citizen, which he did successfully. Making, Leonidas I one of the very few rulers of Sparta who had undergone the tough training course at the Agōgē.

Leonidas's Last Battle

540 B.C. Birth537 B.C. Starts Agōgē 488 B.C. Takes the Throne480 B.C. Battle of Thermoplyae 480 B.C. Death

Battle of Thermopylae: Under Xerxes I, the Persian army moved south through Greece on the eastern coast, accompanied by the Persian navy moving parallel to the shore. To reach its destination at Attica, the region controlled by the city-state of Athens, the Persians needed to go through the coastal pass of Thermopylae (or the “Hot Gates,” so known because of nearby sulphur springs). In the late summer of 480 B.C., Leonidas led an army of 6,000 to 7,000 Greeks from many city-states, including 300 Spartans, in an attempt to prevent the Persians from passing through Thermopylae.Leonidas established his army at Thermopylae, expecting that the narrow pass would funnel the Persian army toward his own force. For two days, the Greeks withstood the determined attacks of their far more numerous enemy. Leonidas’ plan worked well at first, but he did not know that there was a route over the mountains to the west of Thermopylae that would allow the enemy to bypass his fortified position along the coast. A local Greek told Xerxes about this other route and led the Persian army across it, enabling them to surround the Greeks. Much of the Greek force retreated rather than face the Persian army. An army of Spartans, Thespians and Thebans remained to fight the Persians. Leonidas and the 300 Spartans with him were all killed, along with most of their remaining allies. The Persians found and beheaded Leonidas’ corpse–an act that was considered to be a grave insult.

Leonidas I Spartan Warrior\King



Leonidas's name means son of lion.His blood line is claimed to be HerculesIt is said that his Mum was a direct descendent of one of the seven wise men of Greece

Interesting Facts

540 B.C.-480 B.C.

Leonidas's Impact

Leonidas's had a large impact on the Spartan People as he was the first King to die in battle. He showed great courage this lead onto the next line of kings. Nonetheless, Leonidas’ action demonstrated Sparta’s willingness to sacrifice itself for the protection of the Greek region.


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