Learning Disabilities

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by SarahNetardus
Last updated 7 years ago

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Learning Disabilities

Learning DisabilitiesBy: Sarah Netardus

''A LifelongDisability''

Heredity: *Learning disabilities may stem from someone in the family/ relative. (1)Difficult pregnancy or birth: * ''An illness or injury during or before birth may cause LD. Drug and alcohol use during pregnancy, low birth weight, lack of oxygen and premature or prolonged labor'' (1)Central Nervous System *(CNS) dysfunction (2, p 146).

"A learning disability is a neurological condition that interferes with an individual’s ability to store, process, or produce information" (3)."Disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in an understanding or in using language, spoken or written, which disorder may manifest itself in an imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell, or do mathematical calculations" (2, p 117).


“Free appropriate public education”—Never have four words had such power to determine a child’s chance for a meaningful education.-- National Center for Learning Disabilities


* Peceptual Disabilities* Brain Injury* Minimal Brain Dysfunction* Dyslexia* Developmental Aphasia

* Visual, Hearing, or Motor Disabilities* of Mental Retardation* of Emotional Disturbance * of Environmental, Cultural, or Economic Disadvantage

Disorders Included Under IDEA (2, p117)

Helpful Sources/ Works Cited

Reading: *Decoding, Comprehension, RetentionWriting: *Graphomotor, Attention, Spacial Ordering, Memory, Language and Higher-Order CognitionMath: *Number Facts, Computation, Knowledge Transfer and Language of MathAttention/ ADHD: *Inattention, Hyperactivity, Impulsivity Processing, Production and Mental Energy (4).

Signs of a Learning DisabilityTrouble With:

1. National Center for Learning Disabilities: http://www.ncld.org/types-learning-disabilities/what-is-ld/what-causes-learning-disabilities2. Hallahan, Daniel P., James M. Kauffman, and Paige C. Pullen. Exceptional Learners: An Introduction to Special Education. Boston: Pearson, 2015. 116-1483. Learning Disabilities Association of America: http://ldaamerica.org/support/new-to-ld/4. PBS Parents: http://www.pbs.org/parents/education/learning-disabilities/types/

Cognitive Training: "An approach designed to address problems associated with being an inactive learner with strategy deficits" (2, p132).Instructional Approaches: For "reading, written language, math, and the content areas of science and social studies" (2, p132).* Self-Instruction Students say concepts aloud for their own understanding --"What is the problem?" --"How do I figure it out?" --"What do I know that will help me solve the problem?' --"Am I doing it right?" --"I did it" (2, p132)* Self-Monitoring Students evaluate themselves while completing a task* Scaffolding The teacher helps support the child during their work --Think, Plan, Write (2, p133)* Reciprocal Teaching The teacher and student change jobs; student teaches and teacher listens. (2, p146)

Disorders NOT Included Under IDEA (2, p 117)


Education/ Instruction


  • Kris7311 7 years ago

    Kris7311's avatar

    You created a great poster. You implemented all information that is needed to understand what Learning Disability is, the causes and the educational view. Great Job.