Leaders of WWII

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by ajblue72
Last updated 7 years ago

Social Studies
World War II

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Leaders of WWII

Winston Churchill

Leaders of WWII

Adolf Hitler

Hideki Tōjō

Charles de Gaulle

Franklin D. Roosevelt

Joseph Stalin

Benito Mussolini



England's government is a constitutional monarchy. Winston Churchill was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945. During the outbreak of WWII, his refusal to consider defeat, surrender, or a compromise peace helped inspire British resistance, especially during the early days of the war when Britain stood alone among European countries. Churchill died on January 24, 1965."Courage is what it takes to stand up and speak; courage is also what it takes to sit down and listen." -Winston Churchill

Benito Mussolini was an Italian politician, journalist, and leader of the National Fascist Party and is a key figure in the creation of Fascism. Mussolini wanted to delay the war until 1942, but when Hitler invaded Poland in 1939, Mussolini joined the war in 1940, knowing that Italy was not ready. In july 1943, the king had him arrested but was later freed by Hitler and put in charge of Northern Italy. In April 1945, Mussolini tries to escape north, only to be captured and killed on the spot.“It's good to trust others but, not to do so is much better”-Benito Mussolini

Charles de Gaulle was a French general and statesman who led the Free French Forces during World War II. France's government is Democratic. During World War II, he attained the rank of brigadier general gained control of most French colonies, and participated in the liberation of Paris. Despite his initial defeat, de Gaulle insisted that France be treated as a great power by the other Allies. His promotion of French national interests led to confrontations with Winston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt, as did his refusal to participate in the D-Day landings in June 1944. De Gaulle influenced French Politics after the war and dedicated the rest of his life to write his war memoirs. Charles died on November 9, 1970."The better I get to know men, the more I find myself loving dogs."-Charles de Gaulle

Joseph Stalin was the dictator of the Soviet Union(USSR) and his form of government was communism. In August 1939, Stalin entered into a non-aggression pact with Nazi Germany that divided their influence and territory within Eastern Europe, but Germany later violated the agreement and launched a massive invasion of the Soviet Union in June 1941. During Stalin's rule, many high-ranking officers were executed and later censored out of photos as if the never existed. Stalin was one of the BIg Three at the Tehran Conference. In April 1945, Soviet soldiers took control of Berlin, outnumbering German troops 3:1. After WWII, Stalin was at times referred to as one of the most influential men in human history. Stalin suffered a stroke and died March 5, 1953.“One death is a tragedy; a million is a statistic.”-Joseph Stalin

The goverment of Japan was a imperial monarchy or dictatorship led by Emperor Hirohito. Hideki Tōjō was the 40th Prime Minister of Japan during World War II. He was also the general of the Imperial Japanese Army and the leader of the Taisei Yokusankai. As Prime Minister, he was directly responsible for the attack on Pearl Harbor, which initiated war between Japan and the United States. After the end of the war, Tōjō was arrested, sentenced to death for Japanese war crimes and was hanged on December 23, 1948."It goes without saying that when survival is threatened, struggles erupt between peoples, and unfortunate wars between nations result."-Hideki Tōjō

Adolf Hitler joined the German Workers' Party in 1919, later renaming it the National Socialist German Workers Party (which was shortened to the Nazi Party). He was made Chancellor of Germany in 1933 and brought the Nazi party to power. As chancellor he rejected the Treaty of Versailles and commands the invasion of Poland, ultimately starting the 2nd World War, the extermination of Jews and other “undesirables”. Adolf Hitler committed suicide in his command bunker in Berlin in 1945, ending both Nazi rule and the war.“If you tell a big enough lie and tell it frequently enough, it will be believed.” ― Adolf Hitler

Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR) was the 32nd President of the United States, and the type of government was a Democratic Republic. During WWII, FDR gave strong diplomatic and financial support to China and Great Britain, while remaining officially neutral. In March 1941, Roosevelt, provided Lend-Lease aid to the countries fighting against Nazi Germany with Great Britain. With very strong national support, he made war on Japan and Germany after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. Roosevelt implemented an overall war strategy on two fronts that ended in the defeat of the Axis Powers and the development of the world's first atom bomb. FDR served 4 terms in office until his death, in April 1945, a fews days before the surrender of Nazi Germany."We cannot always build the future for our youth, but we can build our youth for the future."-Franklin D. Roosevelt


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