Laws

by 5logant
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Environmental Studies

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Laws

Laws

The Clean Air Act forces the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to create and enforce regulations that protect the public from airborne contaminants that could be harmful to human health.

The Clean Water Act (1972) makes it illegal to dump pollutants in navigable waters without a permit.This limits the amount of pollutants that may harm an ecosystem.

Many laws have been made to help protect water and air quality.

The Ocean Dumping Act prohibits transportation of material from the United States for the purpose of ocean dumping, transportation of material from anywhere for the purpose of ocean dumping by U.S. agencies or U.S.-flagged vessels, and dumping of material transported from outside the United States into the U.S. territorial sea. One could only do this with a permit.

The Shore Protection Act (1988) states that the EPA and the US Coast Guards are responsible to develop regulations when vessels are loading, securing, offloading, and cleaning up of such wastes from waste sources, reception facilities, and vessels. This limits the amount of waste deposited in bodies of water. Additionally, all waste that is deposited in the water gets reported and cleaned up.

The Oil Pollution Act (1990) allowed the EPA to respond to catastrophic oil spills. The government setup a trust fund financed by a tax on oil in attempt to clean up spills when the responsible party is incapable or unwilling to do so.

The National Environmental Policy Act (1969) assures that all branches of government give proper consideration to the environment prior to undertaking any major federal action that significantly affects the environment.

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