Latin American Revolutions

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Latin American Revolutions

Latin American Revolutions

Reasons Rebellions Started 1.) Napolean's invasions of Spain in 18082.)The removal of the Spanish King, Ferdinand VII3.) The placement of Ferdinand VII's brother, Joseph, on the Spanish throne.

Haiti's Battle for its Independence Led by Toussaint L'Ouverture, the slaves revolted on August 22, 1791. Through the long struggle, Toussaint's army of slaves confronted many enemies. The fighting to more lives than any othe revolution in the Americas. By 1798, the rebels won the fight and slaves were freed. Later on, Napolean recaptured Saint Dominigue. So Toussaint urged those to fight for full independence from France. In April of 1802, the french agreed to a truce. In 1804, Jean Jaques Dessalines named the island Haiti, but was later assinated. In 1820, Haiti became a republic and attained official Hatian independence from France.

Independence in MexicoOn September 16, 1810, Father Miguel Hidalgo of Dolores, Mexico, encouraged Mexicans to expel the peninuslares from office and establish a better government. He gave out a speech know as "El Grito de Dolores" (The Cry of Dolores), calling for Mexicans to fight for Independence and Liberty.Eventually the creoles rejected Hidalgo and lsoon after, he was captured and executed. Another priest, Jose Morelos, adopted Hidalgo's cause. He called for a political and social reform, wanting to improve conditions for the the Mexicans, abolish slavery, and gain universal male suffrage.In 1821, Mexico finally gained its independence later it became a republic. Even though Mexico was free from spanish rule, the people's lives barely changed because the government was ruled by military leaders. Only victors and creole elites retained their pivileges.

Enlightenment Ideas The educated creoles read the works of Enlightenment thinkers. Women also participated in the exchange of these ideas by hosting and attending salons, called tertulias. While creoles traveled in Europe, they were inspired by the ideals of "liberty, equality, and fraternity

South America's IndependenceSimon Bolivar, an educated creole and admirer of the French and American revolutions, read the the works of Voltaire, Montesquieu and Rousseau and taught himself to speak french. In 1808, Bolivar's signal to do something for independence was Napolean's occupation of Spain. In 1810, Bolivar established a republic in Venezuela but the republic was soon brought down by conservative forces. Civil war then began to dominate for years. Bolivar was forced into exile twice on Haiti where he later crafted a

plan to free Venezuela. His plan was to march his army across the Andes and at the Spanish at Bogota, the capital of the viceroyalty. Along with the allied llaneros, Venezuelan cowboys, he made his was over the Andes. On August 7, 1819, Bolivar took over Bogota. 2 years after, he freed Caracas, Venezuela from Spanish rule. He was later known at "The Liberator", moving south into Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia where he joined forces with San Martin Jose de San Martin and Argentina. San Martin was also a creole, born in Argentina. In 1816, he helped Argentina win its independence from Spain, and also aided others.



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