Laser Surgery

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Laser Surgery

Lasers- acronym: Light Amplification by the Stimulated Emission of Radiation- Type (colour) of light beam used is related to the type of surgery being performed & colour of the tissue.- focused in a narrow beam and creates a high-intensity light- Lasers are used to heat cells in the area that is being treated until tey "burst".- They are capable of focusing on very small areas.

Purpose of Laser Surgery- close small blood vessels to prevent blood loss- remove warts, moles, sunspots, tattoos- reduce appearance of skin wrinkles, scars, and other skin blemishes- remove hair- remove skin cells which could potentially become cancerous- correct vision

Types of Lasers- Carbon dioxide laser- YAG (yttrium aluminum garnet) laser- Pulsed dye laser- Alexandrite- KTP- Argon laser Trabeculoplasty (ALT)- Micropulse Laser Trabeculoplasty (MLT)- Laser Peripheral Iridotomy (LPI)- Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty (SLT)

Pros- more precise (isolate and remove targeted cells)- reduced risk of infection- less bleeding and swelling- less pain- shorter hospital stays

ConsLaser Skin Surgery- dryness and peeling of the skin- mayhave an itching or stinging feeling (12-72 hours)- may get general anesthesia- changes in skin colourLaser Eye Surgery- loss of visual sharpness (within 6 months will return to normal)- flap problems- dryness of the eyes (can last from a few weeks to a few months)

Success RateLaser Eye Surgery- 90% of patients will have perfect results- 1% - 5% may be under-corrected/over-corrected- 1% - 2% may experience loss of visual sharpnessLaser Spine Surgery- 75% return to regular activites within 2 weeks of surgeryLaser Hair Removal- 90% of patients have permanent hair loss after 3-5 sessions

Recovery TimeLaser Eye Surgery- can resume regular activities the following dayLaser Skin Surgery- 10-21 days depending on the problem that was treated

Laser Surgery

Bibliography"Laser surgery - skin." MedlinePlus. U.S. National Library of Medicine, 31 Oct. 2013. Web. 23 Nov. 2013. <>."Laser surgery - skin." MedlinePlus. U.S. National Library of Medicine, 31 Oct. 2013. Web. 23 Nov. 2013. <>.Laser Surgery. (n.d.). Laser Surgery. Retrieved November 23, 2013, from Skin Resurfacing: Benefits, Side Effects, and Average Cost. (n.d.). WebMD. Retrieved November 20, 2013, from Spine Surgery. (n.d.). Discovery Fit and Health. Retrieved November 20, 2013, from and Procedures. (2012, December 21). Cleveland Clinic. Retrieved November 21, 2013, from (n.d.). Skin Resurfacing. Retrieved November 23, 2013, from Choose Laser Spine Institute?. (n.d.). Laser Back Surgery Experts. Retrieved November 23, 2013, from Hair Removal: Benefits, Side Effects, and Cost. (n.d.). WebMD. Retrieved November 23, 2013, from

Preforming the Surgery on Your Body Wart Removal- targets the wart allowing the laser to kill blood vessels in which are feeding the wartLaser Spine Surgery- remove the sources of nerve sensitivity and pain by lasering off the ends and decreasing size of plates between the vertebraeLaser Eye Surgery- flatten all or part of the cornia allowing the focal point of light to follow more closely to the centre of the retnaLaser Surgery to remove Wrinkles- uses short pulses of micro-fine laser light to reach into the skin's layes and remove older, dammaged tissues that will be replaced with new collagen and elastin

By: Samantha Wong


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