Lakes of Poznan

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Lakes of Poznan

POZNAŃ – LAND OF LAKES – a cycling guidebook

The city of Poznań can be called the Land of Lakes, as there are c. 150 water bodies of different size and an extensive river network. This guidebook presents the largest and most interesting of them together with the cycling routes mapped out around them, which are important places of recreation for the inhabitants of Poznań. In the travel guide, one can find information about the lakes' origins, dimensions and their functions. Google maps with the designed cycling routes and the actual routes registered using Endomondo application have also been attached. The aim of the guide is to encourage both the inhabitants and the tourists to visit environmentally attractive spots in our exceptional city.

OLSZAK POND This water reservoir was created in 1989 as a result of implementing the programme entitled “Using biological methods for water purification of the Cybina river before it flows into the Malta Reservoir” (Polish ”Wykorzystanie metod biologicznych dla oczyszczenia wód rzeki Cybiny przed wprowadzeniem ich do Zbiornika Maltańskiego”). The function of the pond is to slow down the current of the Cybina river and its self-purification in order to maintain the recreational function of the Malta Lake and to ensure proper purity levels. It is the last of the four impounding reservoirs between the Swarzędzkie Lake and the Malta Lake. The pond and the surrounding areas are characterised by unique natural and landscape values. In order to preserve them, an ecological site called “Olszak I” was created in 1994 by decision of the Department for Environmental Protection of Poznań City Hall. Also, educational nature trails were mapped out, and guidebooks on different levels were prepared (only in Polish): for advanced (secondary students),doc,679/przewodniki-po-uzytkach-ekologicznych,16563.html; for teenagers:,doc,679/przewodniki-po-uzytkach-ekologicznych,9321.html; and for children:,doc,679/przewodniki-po-uzytkach-ekologicznych,9292.html.The lake is also surrounded by cycling and running routes:

MALTA LAKE Built in 1952, due to impounding the waters of the Cybina river. The maximum surface area is 67.5 ha, average depth is c. 3.13 m, with maximum depth of c. 5 m. It is the largest artificial body of water in the city, and the second biggest lake in Poznań, after the Kierskie Lake. The lake was named after the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, as the lake is located on the grounds which used to belong to the Church of Saint John of Jerusalem Outside the Walls (Polish kościół św. Jana Jerozolimskiego za murami), where the commandry (local headquarters) of the Order was located.The lake is an important recreational site for the inhabitants of Poznań, and it is also extensively used for water sports; among others, rowing and kayaking championships (including World Championships) have taken place here. The lake is surrounded by the following facilities: ski slope, located on the Freedom Mound (Polish Kopiec Wolności), slide,“Maltanka” Park Railway (Kolej Parkowa Maltanka), largest water sports and recreation centre in Poland and the second largest complex of swimming pools in Europe – Termy Maltańskie. There are also attractive playgrounds for children, a bathing beach, hotels and a shopping centre. The trail around the lake is a favourite for runners, cyclists and rollerskaters. Moreover, many artistic events (Malta Festival, concerts) and sports events (e.g. a relay marathon - Sztafeta Maratońska XLPL Ekiden, or the Poznań Triathlon).Another attraction is an enormous fountain on the lake, which is the largest floating fountain in Poland.

SOŁACKIE PONDS Sołackie Ponds are four water bodies: the Mały Pond and the Duży Pond (the Little and the Big Ponds) and two ponds serving water purification by processes of flotation and sedimentation, with total surface area of 3.6 ha. They were created in 1995 by impounding the waters of the Bogdanka river (a left-bank tributary of the Warta river). The largest reservoir – the Duży Pond, with surface area of 3.22 ha, is situated on the eastern side of the wooden bridge separating the ponds. The Mały Pond, with the surface area of 0.2 ha and the depth of c. 1.3-1.5 m, has the character of a miniature elongated lagoon. The ponds are an additional attraction of the Sołacki Park, which was created on former damps in 1907, out of the initiative of municipal authorities. It was designed by Herman Kube, therefore the ponds are often defined as “the two ponds from the times of Kube”. On the bank of the Duży Pond, a hotel and restaurant are located. One can also row a rented boat on the pond, which is a long-standing tradition of the park.

RUSAŁKA LAKE: The lake was created in 1943, by impounding the waters of the Bogdanka in the Western “green wedge” - in Golęcin. It has a dark history, as Nazi Germans compelled the Jews imprisoned in the forced labour camps in Poznań to complete the earthwork related to building the reservoir. The surface area of the lake is 36.7 ha, average depth: 1.9 m, with the maximum depth of 9.0 m. The lake is a very popular site of the summer recreation both for the inhabitants of Poznań and the tourists. During the summer season, a Sports and Recreation Centre operates by the lake, with guarded bathing beach equipped with a pier, a 93-metres-long waterslide, recreational watercraft rental, bathhouse and catering facilities. In 2015, a “city beach” was created, with a children's playground and a beach volleyball court. In the forest surrounding the lake, there are 3 monuments commemorating the places of execution from January 1940, when the Nazi German SS troops carried out mass executions of the prisoners of Fort VII in Poznań. There are cycling routes around the lake, it is also the place of numerous sports events, mainly for runners.

STRZESZYŃSKIE LAKE The only natural lake among the bodies of water presented here. It is a glacial lake situated in the valley of the Bogdanka river, hidden in the forests of the so-called Western green wedge of the city of Poznań. The surface area of the lake is 34.9 ha, and the maximum depth is 17.8 m. It has one natural tributary – the Złotnicki Ditch. The lake is an important recreational place in Poznań. On the bank of the lake, there is a holiday resort centre with lodges, motel, restaurant, and a bathing beach. A beach volleyball court was also created, where PlayBeachVolley open tournament takes place.



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