Kyphosis

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by valeriac00
Last updated 4 years ago

Discipline:
Health & Fitness
Subject:
Health

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Kyphosis

Kyphosis is exaggerated, forward rounding of the back commonly found in older women. If caused by old-age, Kyphosis may be a result of osteoporosis compressing bones. Otherwise, it may occur due to spinal deformity or wedging of the spinal vertebrae over time.

Kyphosis' pathophysiology varies based on its etiology. For example, Kyphosis that occurs as a result of a fracture will most commonly decrease height and may place increased pressure on the spine.

Treatment for kyphosis varies based on the patient's age, cause of curvature, and symptoms/signs that are present. Medication, such as pain relievers and osteoporosis drugs can help aleviate symptoms. Additionally, therapy is available for Kyphosis patients. Certain exercises can help improve posture and spinal flexibility. Moreover, bracing can help fix/prevent future spinal deformities. In severe cases, surgery may be performed.

Disea e

Treatment & Prevention

What is it?

Kyphosis results in wedge shaped vertebrae. This can develop because of osteoporosis, disk disgeneration, Scheuermann's disease, birth defects, syndromes, and cancer/cancer treatments. Scheuermann's disease typically occurs during the growth spurt before puberty. Syndromes such as Marfan syndrome can also cause Kyphosis.

Causes

Kyphosis

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Symptoms

How is it diagnosed?

Mild cases of Kyphosis have no noticeable signs or sympotoms, except an abnormally curved spine. However, it may cause spine stiffness or back pain in others.

Kyphosis may be diagnosed during physical exams when doctors analyze your spine, neurological exams to test muscular strengths and reflexes, x-rays, CT scans, or MRI's.

Glog by: Valeria Coll

Pathophysiology

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