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Social Studies
Jewish History

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Alexander G.1/21/14Period 6

Kristallnacht otherwise known as "Night of Broken Glass", was an attack on Jews, or Pogrom, carried out by Nazis on November of 1938. The name "Kristallnacht" originates from the thousands of windows the Nazis smashed during the event. Kristallnacht erupted when Nazi leaders were told by Josef Gobbels that Adolph Hitler decided to not be discouraged if anti-jewish riots spread quickly throughout the Reich, and they did. The Nazi party was also not to appear as the architect of the riots, the Nazi party was to organize and execute the Jews. "The Nazis estimated a total of 76 destroyed synagogues, but the total was much, much higher. There were 815 Jewish shops & 29 warehouses destroyed, 171 homes burned to the ground, and 91 Jews killed." (pg 228-229)


A.K.A: "Night of Broken Glass"

Encyclopedia:Geoffrey WigoderThe Holocaust: a Grolier student library; Volume 2Pgs 228-229Book:Wil MaraPerspectives on KristallnachtTarrytown, NYCopuright 2010Published by: Michelle BissonEdited by Christine FlorieInternet:United States Holocaust Memorial Museum 1/15/14June 10,2011Links

People Fleeing from fire in a building

Broken Glass from shop

Burning Synagogue

Kristallnacht erupted on November 9th and 10th in the year 1938. Kristallnacht spread throughout Germany, & annexed Australia and areas of the sudetenland in Czechoslovakia, recently occupied by German troops. "Kristallnacht occured as a response to the assassination of Ernst Vom Rath, a german embassy official shot by a 17-year old Polish Jew." (Internet)

In the weeks following Kristallnacht, the German governments promoted dozens of laws and decrees to deprive Jews of their property. Many of these laws enforced the "Aryanization" policy, or the treansfer of Jewish owned property to Aryan ownership for a fraction of their true value. German education officials also expelled Jewish children attending German schools. Jews also lost their right to a driver's liscense or vehicle, Jews also couldn't attend "German theaters, movie cinemas, or concert halls. "The events of Kristallnacht represented one of the most important turning points in National Socialist antisemitic policy. Historians have noted that after the pogrom, anti-Jewish policy was concentrated more and more concretely into the hands of the SS. Moreover, the passivity with which most German civilians responded to the violence signaled to the Nazi regime that the German public was prepared for more radical measures." (Internet)

Identify why, and when Kristallnacht occured. As well as the destruction brought.

Analyze the effect on other countries as a response to Kristallnacht

Explain the aftermath of Kristallnacht


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