Kosciuszko National Park

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by Flossy
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Social Studies

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Kosciuszko National Park

A Brief Introduction To Kosiuszko Introduction:Kosciuszko National Park is the largest national park in NSW and one of the largest conservation reserves in Australia. The national park is home to mainland Australia's highest peak, Mount Kosciuszko. The park covers 6,900 square kilometres and encompasses Cabramurra the highest town in Australia. Mount Kosciuszko is situated within the Snowy Mountains and has a height of 2,228 metres above sea level. Kosciuszko National Park is nationally and internationally recognised as a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve and in 2008 the park was added to the Australian National Heritage List.

kosciuszko national park

Ecology, flora, fauna and climatic conditions: Kosciuszko National Park contains a mix of rugged mountains and wilderness covering a variety of climatic regions and ecosystems. The higher regions of the park experience an alpine climate but only the peaks of the range are subject to consistent heavy winter snow. On the 28th June 1994 the climate station at Charlotte Pass recorded Australia's lowest temperature of −23 °C. The alpine area above the tree line, is one of the most fragile ecosystems and is vulnerable to unmindful tourists. The alpine areas have glacial lakes such as Blue Lake, Lake Albina and Hedley Tarn, and large granite boulders dominate the area. The landscape is made up of alpine heaths, herbfields of snow grass and snow daisies, feldmarks, bogs and fens.The alpine woodlands, characterised by the Snow Gum. Montane and wet sclerophyll forest also occur across the ranges, consisting of large stands of Alpine Ash and Mountain Gum. The southern wilderness area is dry sclerophyll and wattle forest. The park’s alpine and sub-alpine areas are home to many species of native plants and animals including the endangered mountain pigmy possum and one of Australia’s most threatened species , the corroboree frog.The Snowy River, Murray River, and Gungarlin River all originate in Kosciuszko National Park. Other significant mountain peaks that occur in the park include Gungartan, Mount Jagungal, Bimberi Peak and Mount Townsend.

The peak of Mount Kosciuszko

Cultural significance: The Snowy Mountains area is thought to have had Indigenous occupation for close to twenty thousand years. However, harsh winter weather made living in the snow country impossible. Until around 1865 large inter-tribal gatherings were held in the high country in summer for communal feasting on the Bogong moth.


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