Korean War

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by alicesophie
Last updated 6 years ago

Social Studies
World War II

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Korean War

Australian Foreign Policy

The Korean War was fought between South Korea and communist North Korea. It was the first major conflict of the Cold War. At first only defense, protecting South Korea, then Truman decided to go on the offensive, trying to liberate North Korea from communism. It is thought that President Truman strongly considered using nuclear weapons during the war. When Eisenhower became president, he was much more willing than Truman to offer concessions to end the war.On July 17, 1953 a treaty was signed that ended the war. The countries are still divided today and North Korea is still ruled by a communist regime. Between the two countries a 2 mile demilitarized zone was placed to act as a buffer in hopes to prevent future wars.(Ducksters).

Australia became involved in the Korean war for many reasons; to strengthen the relationship with the US (incase we ever need help) and to protect Australia with its forward defence policy. The policy has four main principles; Threat (of communism to Australia), Vunerability, Suspicion (of Asian nations as 'White Australia') and Dependence (on Australia's allies).

Why did Australia get involved?

Korean War 1950-1953

What happened?

BibliographyAwm.gov.au,. 'Out In The Cold: Australia's Involvement In The Korean War | Australian War Memorial'. N.p., 2015. Web. 11 May 2015. Ducksters,. 'The Cold War: Korean War'. N.p., 2015. Web. 11 May 2015.Alternative History,. 'Korean War (6-2-5 Upheaval)'. N.p., 2015. Web. 12 May 2015. History.state.gov,. 'The Australia, New Zealand And United States Security Treaty (ANZUS Treaty), 1951 - 1945–1952 - Milestones - Office Of The Historian'. N.p., 2015. Web. 14 May 2015.

Dates: June 25, 1950 to July 27, 1953The leader and Prime Minister of North Korea was Kim Il-sung. North Korea's chief commander was Choi Yong-kun. The President of South Korea was Syngman Rhee.The South Korean Army was led by Chung II-kwon. (Ducksters)On June 25, 1950 North Korea invaded South Korea. The South Korean Army fled to a small part of Korea on the southern tip. Forces from the United Nations came to help out. From 1950-53, 17,000 Australians in the Army, Navy and Air Force fought as part of the United Nations (UN) multinational force (Awm.gov.au)It is estimated that around 2.5 million people were killed or wounded during the war. Around 40,000 US soldiers died in the war. The civilian casualties were especially high with estimates of around 2 million civilians killed. (Ducksters)

Australia's involvement in the Korean War won praise from other nations. The awards given to Australians during the war totalled 615, while 173 awards were given to Australians by other nations. (Awm.gov.au)Australia signed the ANZUS Treaty with the United States and New Zealand at the end of the war, which was created to protect the Pacific.(History.state.gov)

Time and scope of Australia's involvement

Effects of Australia's commitment

(Alternative History)

Video- M*A*S*H


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