Knee Injuries

In Glogpedia

by ShaqU
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Health & Fitness
Subject:
Health
Grade:
9

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Knee Injuries

Knee Injuries

What is in your knee?- Bones : Tibia (shinbone), Femur (thighbone), Patella (kneecap)- Cartilage : Articular Cartilage (prevent the three bones from grinding against each other), Menisci (help absorb the body's weight)- Muscles : Quadriceps (help you to straighten and extend your legs), Hamstring (helps to bend your knee)- Tendons : Tissues that connect muscles to bones- Ligaments : Connect the femur to tibia : MCL (along inside your knee; keeping it from bending inward), LCL (along outside your knee; keeping it from bending outward), ACL (at the center of the knee; helps control the knee's rotation), PCL (at the back of the knee; keeping the shinbone from sliding out under the thighbone)

Sprains- A sprain is a strech or tear of a ligament, usually MCL or ACL.Strains- A strain is a torn of muscle or tendon. Cartilage Injuries- Cartilage softens or breaks off from the end of a bone.

Tendonities- Tendonitis happens when a tendon gets irritated or inflamed, often caused by overuse.Meniscus Tears - Caused by damanged menicus.- It's a common sport injury.

Bursitis- Cause by irritated and swollen bursa from overuse or constant friction.- A bursa is a sac filled with fluid over a bony bump to prevent friction.Chondromalacia pattellae - The cartilage in the knee joint softens because of injury, muscle weakness, or overuse, and the patella and the thighbone may rub together. Osgood-Schlatter Disease- Caused by repetitive stress on the front end of the tibia where the patellar tendon connects to the bone.

Fractures - Caused by a cracked, broken, or shattered bone.Dislocations- Happens when the kneecap is knocked off to the side of the knee joint.

Basic TreatmentsRest Ice CompressionElevetionRest your knee, using ice packs to bring down swelling, using compression bandages, and prop your leg up on pillows or other soft objects.(You may take anti-inflammatory medications, use a knee immobilizer, wear a cast, or use crutches.)

For serious knee injuries, you may have to see an orthopedist. (a doctor specially trained in the care of bone and joint diseases)

http://kidshealth.org/teen/safety/first_aid/knee_injuries.html#

Advanced Treatments- Arthroscopy is a type of surgery that takes a direct look at the inside of your knee joint in fix the problem of your knee.- You may have to have Physical Therapy, depending on your injury. You'll do specific exercises designed to take your knee joint through its range of motion to prevent stiffness and scarring as your knee heals.

Preventing knee injuries- Wearring appropriate protective equipment and supportive shoes during playing sports.- Always warm up and cool down when you workouts. - Don't suddenly increasing intensity or duration of your workouts.- Try conditioning and training year-round, not just the competitive season.- If your sport involves a lot of jumping, make sure to bend your knees when you land.- If you notice any signs of knee injuries or knee pain, tell your coach, parent, or doctor and limit your activities.


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