Kings County

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Kings County

KINGS COUNTY NEW YORK

Kings County is located in New York. It is the most populated borough with a population of 2.6 million. The land area is measured at 71 square feet and water area at 26.3 square feet. The mutilcultural county is home to 200 languages and more (ABOUT BROOKLYN, 2014). Kings County has many races and ethnicities. Races include Caucasian, Black Non-Hispanic, Hispanic, Asian and mixed race. 46.2 % of the population are male and 53.8% are female. The average household consists of 2.0 people. Homes vary from apartments to family house or condominiums. Median age of Kings County residents average at 34 years old with the average gross income of $45,000 (CDC, 2015). Many residents are affiliated with a religion. Data shows that 24.9 % are Catholic, 5.2% Evangelical Protestant, 1.5 %Black Protestant, 0.6 %Orthodox and 15.9 % other. 48% are not affiliated with a religion (CDC, 2015).

DATA & STATISTICS

ABOUT BROOKLYN. (2014). Brooklyn Borough Hall Official Site. Retrieved from http://brooklyn-usa.org/about-brooklyn/Brooklyn Community Services. (2015). Services for People with Developmental Disabilities. Retrieved from http://www.wearebcs.org/bcs/what_we_do/section_2/Services_for_the_Developmentally_Delayed:en-us.htmlCatholic Charities Brooklyn and Queens. (2015). Services for People with Developmental Disabilities. Retrieved from http://www.ccbq.org/what-we-do/services-for-people-with-disabilitiesCenters for Disease Control and Prevention. (2015). Developmental Disabilities. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/developmentaldisabilities/index.htmlClark, M. J. (2008). Community health nursing: Advocacy for population health. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Prentice Hall.New York State Department of Health. (2012). Cardiovascular Disease. Retrieved from https://www.health.ny.gov/diseases/cardiovascular/heart_disease/

Heart disease is the leading cause of death in Kings County. Heart disease affects all races and ages. Hypertension, obesity, high cholesterol and diabetes, if not treated properly, increases the risk of heart disease (NYSDOH, 2012). A high percentage of the population suffer from an illness that increases the risk, resulting in this serious health issue claiming many lives. Heart disease once thought to be a disease of older males is quickly becoming a disease that affects younger people, with half of the deaths associated with this disease reported in women (NYSDOH, 2012).

Heart Disease

The CDC (2015) defines Developmental Disabilities as a group of chronic conditions causing impairment, activity limitation and restrictions in every day participation. Developmental disabilities causes impairments in phsyical, learning, language or behavior. People with disabilities face many disadvantages and challenges. Sadly, they are at risk of abuse and neglect. There are many organizations for assisting people with disabilities and for promoting quality care in Kings County. Organizations include:1. Catholic Charities- provides housing, case management, community services and family support (CCBQ, 2015).2. Bright Lights day habilitation- provides programs aimed at assisting people with diabilities to engage in activities for development of independence.3. Medicaid Service Coordination Program- assists with allowing access to necessary services and appropriate support needed by people with developmental disabilities (Brooklyn Community Services, 2015).

The general health status score of the residents is Kings County is 3.4 with 1 being poor and 5 excellent (CDC, 20150. Health problems include heart disease, diabetes, hypertension, HIV/AIDS, obesity, stress, violence, mental illness, poverty and substance abuse.

The Community Health Nurse (CHN) has the responsiblity of identifying populations at greatest risk and developing the appropriate interventions. Prevention of heart disease is key to combating this health issue. Providing education on the risks of this disease and the importance of early intervention when heart disease is suspected, are important steps. The CHN must collaborate with local governmental health agencies and other health care professionals in providing education and quality medical care. One important factor is providing education to local schools for early treatment of childhood obesity and encouragment of physical activity. Obesity increases the risk of heart disease, therefore the educational plan will include:1. Importance of smoking cessation2. Importance of weekly physical exercise3. Healthy Eating4. Proper management of hypertension and high cholesterol. 5. Importance of lowering daily stress levels.According to Clark (2008), the CHN can advocate for access to "basic health care and health education services" for improvement of health. Advocating provides the platform for early treatment and is fundamental in lowering the rate of heart disease.

People with Developmental Disabilities

Community Health Nurse Plan

Health Statistics

The CDC continues to track developmental disabilities in an effort to;1. Increase knowledge on this vulnerable group.2. Identify the age when diagnosis is likely. 3. Identify whether progress had been made in early identification. With data collected services can be planned and areas in need of improvement can be known for better care (CDC, 2015).

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