Kings Country

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by cherrynurse12
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Geography

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Kings Country

KINGS COUNTY NEW YORK

Kings County, located in New York, is the 7th most populous county in the United States. Founded in 1896, Kings County has a population of nearly 2.6 million residents (ABOUT BROOKLYN, 2014). Kings County is famous for its ethnic diversity with ethnicities including Caucasian 35.7 %, Blacks Non Hispanic 31.9 %, Hispanic 19.8 %, Asian 10.4 % and two or more races 1.6 %. There is a large percentage of foreign born residents. The median age is 34.0 years. Males make up 46.2 % of the population, whereas females 53.8%. 23.3 % of the population live in poverty. There are many different religious groups in Kings County including Catholic, Orthodox and Black Protestant. The average gross income is $45.785. (Kings County New York (NY), 2015).

The CDC behaviorial risk factor surveillance questionnaires rated the general health of residents at 3.4% with 1 indicating poor and 5 indicating excellent. City data shows that less than the average percentage of residents exercise,40.3 % have smoked cigarettes and a large percentage drink alcolhol beverages (Kings County, New York (NY), 2015). Community health problems affecting residents include Diabetes, Obesity, HIV/AIDS, Substance abuse and Violence. Many health problems are due to lifestyle choices, financial status and lack of education.

There is a shortage of affordable housing in Kings County leaving many people, including children, homeless. Brooklyn contains three out of 10 communities citywide that has the highest incidences of family homelessness (New York City, n.d.). Contributing factors in include unemployment, poverty and mental illness. The homeless are vulnerable to exacerbation of health related and substance abuse. The National Alliance to end homelessness developed a 10 year action plan for New York City. The plan included raising public awareness, bringing public agencies together in an attempt to increase the availablilty of government assistance to those in need, reducing institution-to-institution discharges that result in homelessness and ensuring access to shelters (Bloomberg, 2003). However, the issue of homelessness is ongoing. Activist organizations have come together to combat the problem. A plan was proposed that involves raising minimum wage to $15, increasing rental assistance to low-income residents and investing in cost-saving homeless prevntion programs (Couch, 2015).RESOURCES FOR THE HOMELESS:1. NYC Department of Homeless Services2. HELP USA3. The Coalition for the Homeless

ABOUT BROOKLYN. (2014). Brooklyn Borough Hall Official Site. Retrieved from http://brooklyn-usa.org/about-brooklyn/ Kings County, New York (NY). (2015). Kings County, New York Detailed Profile. Retrieved from http://www.city-data.com/county/Kings_County-NY.html Lundy, K., & Janes, S. (2009). Community health nursing: Caring for the public's health (2nd ed.). Sudbury, Mass.: Jones and Bartlett.Couch, R. (2015). New York Given A Blueprint For How To End Homelessness By 2020. Retrieved from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2015/04/08/new-york-homelessness-report_n_7020118.htmlBloomberg, R. B. (2003). Uniting for Solutions Beyond Shelter: The Action Plan For New York City. Retreieved from http://www.endhomelessness.org/page/-/files/633_file_NYCactionplan.pdfNelson, K. M., Thiede, H., Hawes, S. E., Golden, M. R., Hutcheson, R., Carey, J. W., & ... Jenkins, R. A. (2010). Why the Wait? Delayed HIV Diagnosis among Men Who Have Sex with Men. Journal Of Urban Health, 87(4), 642-655. doi:10.1007/s11524-010-9434-8

THE HOMELESS

REFERENCES

DATA & STATISTICS

HIV is a growing issue in Kings County. Reported cases of HIV/AIDS in Kings County are nearly six times the national average and much greater than the New York State average. Sadly, the most affected are women and children. Many people have a fear of testing and have the misconception that if they do not feel sick then there is no need to get tested (Nelson et al., 2010). Not getting tested, results in a delay in treatment and an increased risk of transmitting the disease to others.

HIV/AIDS

The Community health nurse is a key member on the healthcare team, dedicated to improving total well being and better management of health. The main goal of the CHN plan is to raise awareness for the fight against HIV/AIDS. Other goals include: Reducing new infections, Increasing access to healthcare, Promoting community involvement, reducing HIV stereotypes and Providing referrals for HIV services. Screening and treating HIV are not enough for combating the problem (Lundy & James, 2009). There is a need for effective counseling to help with behavior modification and ways to prevent infection. Focus will be placed on the high risk population; African Americans and Latinos. There is also a continued need for outreach among homosexual males and those who do not identify with the stereotypical HIV risk group, but continuously engage in high-risk activities (Nelson et al., 2010). The first step of the plan is conducting community risk assessments and the patient's readiness for change. The CHN will then provide educational material including the facts about HIV, transmission, treatment, importance of safe sex and common stereotypes. The CHN will collaborate with primary care providers and community health centers for promoting awareness.

COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSE PLAN


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