Kilwa/East Africa Civilization Glog/Kara Park

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by kpark2020
Last updated 7 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Ancient History
Grade:
7

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Kilwa/East Africa Civilization Glog/Kara Park

Coins from Kilwa 900 C.E. These coins were used for trading items and good resources such as spices, iron, gold, jewelries, and robes. These are believed to be about 1,100 to 1,200 years old (from about C.E. 900)

Kilwa Civilization/East Africa History

Great Mosque at Kilwa. The Great Mosque of Kilwa was built in 13th century (C.E 1200) with construction of the markets and trading stations. Homes and buildings like the Mosque, are very well built with coral plaster which is a strong material that stays cool even in the hot sun.

In this picture, this is the whole kingdom of Kilwa. This is what it looked like when it was demolished by the Portuguese (19th century)

Top 10 Interesting Facts about Kilwa and East Africa1) Sultan of Kilwa (The ruler of the Kilwa), who is both gracious and kind, which is described by Moroccan scholar and writer, Ibn Battuta. Ibn Battuta described that Kilwa was very luxurious with vegetables, citrons, lemons, and the best sweet oranges.2) Kilwa kingdom was demolished on 19th century (C.E 1800) by the Portugals, but still it was the most powerful ancient kingdom in East Africa3) The three tribes who built the Kilwa City are Mtakata tribe, Mranga tribe, and Mrimba tribe.4) The first place to be attacked was Zanzibar in 15th century (C.E 1400); two years later, Kilwa and Mombasa were attacked.5) Kilwa was the most powerful kingdom in East Africa in 14th century (C.E 1300)6) After Portuguese threaten East Africa for its goods, they sent expeditions to the South7) The Sultan of Kilwa (the king of Kilwa) sent 18,000 slaves to the Protugals as a tribute (Slave Treaty between Kilwa and Protugals in C.E 1600)8) Before colonization happened, Vasco de Gama landed ports in East Africa/coast of Africa for trading which helps the Protugals to become wealthier.9) On C.E 300, the Empires accepted Christianity as a legitimate religion 10) Kilwa is located in Kilwa Kisiwani Tanzania Island.

Kilwa Civilization/East Africa History ParagraphsIn C.E 100, Christians had been preaching in North Africa. Then in C.E 300, The Empire accepted Christianity as a legitimate religion. In C.E 400, the Aksum Empire, located in the region that is now northern Ethiopia, converted to Christianity. Kilwa was the biggest city created in 13th century (C.E 1200) in Africa by Mtakata tribe, Mranga tribe, and Mrimba tribe.In 14th century (C.E 1300), Kilwa was the most powerful city with vegetables, citrons, lemons, and the best sweet oranges, described by Ibn Battuta (Moroccan scholar/traveler). It also has useful resources such as iron and gold. East Africa has become more powerful with good spices, citrons, gold, and iron. Ibn Battuta described people that they all walked barefoot, and they live in canopies with coloured silk with figures of birds in gold. People wear clothes such as robes of green, Jerusalem items, and loose robes of Egypt. The instruments they play were drums, trumpets, and pipes. The buildings are enormous, for trading. Swahili is the only language of African origin among the official languages of the African Union. So in C.E 1400, Vasco de Gama landed ports in East Africa then in India so that the trade route with East helps Portugal to become wealthier.In 15th century (C.E 1400), Portuguese began to explore the coast of Africa and then five years later, the Portugals threaten the Sultans/kings to give tribute to King of Portugal. The first place to be attacked was Zanzibar in 15th century (C.E 1400); two years later, Kilwa and Mombasa were attacked. Sultan of Kilwa gave 18,000 slaves to Portuguese (Slave treaty) in C.E 1600. In 19th century (C.E 1800), Kilwa was a powerful kingdom, but now it became a weak village because it was demolished by Portuguese. Kilwa is relevant to the history of Africa by Kilwa supplied goods and jewelry. Kilwa helped widely spread the religion of Islam to the mainland. After The Portuguese demolished Kilwa, Kilwa is a now a great place to attract tourists.

Helpful Siteshttp://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/africa/features/storyofafrica/5chapter3.shtmlhttp://www.livescience.com/37772-ancient-african-coins-kilwa-ian-mcintosh.htmlhttp://www.silkroadgourmet.com/tag/kilwa/


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