Kidney Disease

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by MichelleLanderos
Last updated 6 years ago

Health & Fitness

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Kidney Disease

Chronic kidney disease, also called chronic kidney failure, describes the gradual loss of kidney function. Your kidneys filter wastes and excess fluids from your blood, which are then excreted in your urine. When chronic kidney disease reaches an advanced stage, dangerous levels of fluid, electrolytes and wastes can build up in your body.

Depending on the underlying cause, some types of kidney disease can be treated. Often, though, chronic kidney disease has no cure. In general, treatment consists of measures to help control signs and symptoms, reduce complications, and slow progression of the disease. If your kidneys become severely damaged, you may need treatment for end-stage kidney disease.

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Kidney Disease


If you have diabetes and high blood pressure, it is very important for you to manage these. Work with your doctor to learn how.Other ways to help protect your kidneys are to:•Eat a diet low in fat and salt•Exercise most days of the week•Have regular check-ups with your doctor•Avoid tobacco•Limit alcohol



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Glog by: Michelle Landeros

Diseases and conditions that commonly cause chronic kidney disease include:•Type 1 or type 2 diabetes•High blood pressure•Glomerulonephritis•Interstitial nephritis, an inflammation of the kidney's tubules and surrounding structures•Polycystic kidney disease•Prolonged obstruction of the urinary tract, from conditions such as enlarged prostate, kidney stones and some cancers

•Nausea•Vomiting•Loss of appetite•Fatigue and weakness•Sleep problems•Changes in urine output•Decreased mental sharpness•Muscle twitches and cramps•Hiccups•Swelling of feet and ankles•Persistent itching•Chest pain, if fluid builds up around the lining of the heart•Shortness of breath, if fluid builds up in the lungs


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