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[2014] Thompson Veronica: Jupiter

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by karisalomon
Last updated 3 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Planets
Grade:
6

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[2014] Thompson Veronica: Jupiter

JUPITER

INTRODUCTIONJupiter is called a gas giant because it is large, and has a thick atmosphere. It does not have much hard, rocky material on its surface. Jupiter is an outer planet, and by far the largest planet and fourth brightest object in our solar system!

COMPOSITIONJupiter is made mostly of hydrogen and helium.

HOW LONG IS IT GOING TO TAKE?A day (period of rotation) on Jupiter would be equivalent to about 9 hours and 56 minutes on Earth. Imagine a 9-hour-long day! A year (period of revolution) on Jupiter equals 11 Earth years, and 313 Earth days. No wonder the days are so short- there are so many of them!

GRAVITYThe surface gravity on Jupiter is 236% of Earth's gravity. This means that objects would wigh 136% more on Jupiter than they would on Earth. This is probably because of Jupiter size and mass compared to Earth's. For example, a 20 pound backpack would weigh 47.2 pounds on Jupiter.

DISCOVERYHow do people get to learn and accumulate information about Jupiter? By checking websites and reading books. All this information didn't appear out of nowhere though. First, scientists had to study and record observations. The facts, stats, and qualities that are known about Jupiter come from five space missions, including Pioneer 1, Pioneer 2, Voyager 1, Voyager 2, and Galileo. The Voyager probes showed that Jupiter has a thin, faint ring.

COMPARISON AND RELATION TO OTHER PARTS OF THE SOLAR SYSTEMHow is Jupiter like the Sun? Jupiter is similar to the sun due to its size (both bodies are larger than others in the solar system), and its composition (both bodies are composed of hydrogen and helium).How does Jupiter Compare and Contrast with Earth? Jupiter is not like Earth in many obvious ways. It is much bigger than the Earth, and it is a gas giant. Earth is pretty small compared to Jupiter, and it is a rocky planetisimal. Also, Jupiter is an outer planet and Earth is not. Jupiter has a different composition and atmosphere than Earth

WHY CAN'T WE LIVE ON JUPITER?There are most likely many reasons why we can't live on Jupiter. First of all, Jupiter is extremely hot. It produces more heat than the sun, which means that people may get dehydrated and burn more easily. Also, objects way much more on Jupiter than they do on Earth. Adjusting to 236% of the surface gravity would be difficult. Plus, no one knows exactly what storms in the atmosphere are like, or how severe they can be. The main reason we can't live on Jupiter is because we do not know much about it. Until scientists learn more about conditions on Jupiter, it is safer to cling to our home planet- Earth.

Bibliography And CitationsINFORMATION Holt, Rinehart, an Winston. "A Family of Planets: The Outer Planets." Holt Science & Technology. Austin: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 2002. 415. Print"Nine Planets." The Solar System Tour. N.p., 1994-2013. Web. 15 Apr. 2014. .PICTURES"Jupiter." L Facts, Pictures and Information. N.p., 1994-2013. Web. 15 Apr. 2014. ."Nine Planets." The Solar System Tour. N.p., 1994-2013. Web. 15 Apr. 2014. .END CREDITSOn the "Dicovery" tab, I was not able to italisize, so the names of the space missions are regular.

FUN FACTS ABOUT JUPITER1.) The Great Red Spot is 3 times the diameter of Earth2.) Jupiter is the fourth brightest object in our solar system (after the sun, the moon, and Venus- in that order)3.) Jupiter's mass is twice as the other eight planets combined!4.) one of Jupiter's moons,Ganymede, is larger than mercury!5.) clouds are formed in the outer part of Jupiter's atmosphere6.) Jupiter's outer atmosphere contains storms7.) the Great Red Spot (one of Jupiter's most prominent and well known storms) has lasted for more than 400 years8.)Jupiter produces more heat than it gets from the sun9.) Jupiter has over 60 moons10.) Jupiter's diameter is 142,984 km

ORDER AND DISTANCE FROM THE SUNJupiter is the fifth planet from the sun. Its distance from the sun is 5.20 AU.

JUPITER'S MOONSJupiter has more than 60 moons! Galileo discovered the four largest ones in 1610. He observed that the moons changed positions compared to Jupiter and each other every night. These four moons are known as the Galilean satellites, and their names are Ganymede, Callisto, Io, and Europa. They appear small compared to Jupiter. Io is closest to Jupiter, out of the four moons. It is the most volcanically active body in the solar system, with at least 100 active volcanoes. Europa's icy surface may have water located below it.

JUPITER'S ATMOSPHEREJupiter's atmosphere conatins small amounts of ammonia, methane, and water. These are gases that form clouds in the outer atmosphere. There are also storms in the outer atmosphere. Deep within Jupiter's atmosphere, the pressure is so high that hydrogen turns into liquid! Even deeper than that, the pressure becomes even higher, causing the inside of Jupiter to be very hot. In fact, Jupiter is so hot that it produces more heat than it gets from the sun!


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