Judaism

by 16alove
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
History
Grade:
10

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Judaism

Faith at your FingertipsJudaism is not a complex religion. The founder of Judaism is Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob founded Judaism in the land of Canaan. The Jews relationship with God is a lot like Christianity. Jews believe that God is indivisible and an incomparable being who is the ultimate cause of existence. Jews believe that they can talk to God through prayer, and that he is listening to them every time they pray. For Jews, the rules for moral conduct is a very in depth answer, but the basis of it is surrounded around the word mitzvot. Mitzvot means doing a good deed without expecting or getting anything in return. The Jewish religion is all about treating others the way you want to be treated. The Jewish religion has three main sacred texts they go too. The three texts are the Torah, the Tanakh, and the Talmud. The Torah is the first five books of the Hebrew bible, and it also contains the 613 commandments and the 10 commandments. The Torah is known as the most important book of the Jewish religion. Another sacred text is the Tanakh. The Tanakh is the Hebrew Bible. It contains the first five books of Moses and 39 other Jewish texts. The Talmud is a collection of ancient writings written by Rabbi's. Some religious holidays celebrated by the Jews are Passover, Rosh Hashanah, Yom Kippur, Hanukkah, and Purim. The Passover is seven or eight days long and Jews eat sedar dinners. Jews have to avoid eating bread or grain, because they want to remember when Hebrew slaves from Egypt had to eat unleavened bread when trying to escape. Rosh Hashanah is the Jewish New Year and Yom Kippur is a day of fasting and repentance to get right with the Lord for the mistakes they have made. Hanukkah is an eight day holiday to celebrate the rededication of the Temple, and Purim is a fun holiday to celebrate when Jews living in Persia were saved from extermination. Some rituals Jews do are every day they recite at least three prayers daily and they say more prayers when the day is the Sabbath or a holiday. Another ritual is that some, not all, Jews are kosher. That means some Jews don't eat pork, meat with dairy, and animals that died of natural causes. Some differences between males and females in the Jewish religion are bar and bat mitzvah's and the kippa. A bar mitzvah is for guys reaching the age of 13 and it is the religious initiation ceremony for guys to finally take part in public worship. A bat mitzvah is for girls reaching the age of 12, and it is the day when a girl is viewed as reaching religious maturity. Also, another difference is guys wear kippa's on their head to show respect to God. Kippa's are kind of like miniature hats. For hierarchy and organization there isn't just one Jewish structure. They are separated into smaller communities and each community has their own rabbis acting as the main guy for all Jewish customs. Also, they have different sections starting at Ultra-Orthodox which is the most intense, conservative, reform, and lastly messianic Jews which are the least demanding. Some festivals and celebrations that spill into the mainstream culture is Hanukkah compared to Christmas. When Jews celebrate Hanukkah they light candles, and because Jews light candles non-Jews put lights on their Christmas tree. Since non-Jews give presents away on Christmas, Jews give away presents on Hanukkah.

Judaism

This picture is of a kippa. A kippa is a tiny hat that only male Jews wear on their head. Guys wear this hat as a sign of respect to God.

This picture is of Matzo bread. Matzo bread is kosher bread that Jews eat. This bread is made of entirely kosher ingredients.

This picture is of a menorah. Jews use a menorah during Hanukkah. They light the middle candle every night and use the middle candle to light the other candles. Jews light the same amount of candles on the menorah as what day of Hanukah it is at that time.

In this map Jews from Germany emigrated from Eastern Europe to different countries. They emigrated from Germany in the 1930's to the 1940's, because of the rise of the Nazi Party.

Bibliography1) "Chapter 3." World History: Patterns of Interaction. Evanston, IL: McDougal Littell, 2007. N. pag. Print.2) "Jewish History." Jewish History. Destiny Foundation, n.d. Web. 24 Sept. 2013.3) "Judaism - ReligionFacts." Judaism - ReligionFacts. N.p., 2004-2013. Web. 24 Sept. 2013.4)Rich, Tracey R. "Judaism 101." Judaism 101. N.p., 2011. Web. 24 Sept. 2013. 5) Julie Cohen-a human source 6) Moshe Babijaev- a human source

Faith in History


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