Judaism

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by MrReGlog
Last updated 7 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Religious Studies

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Judaism

POPULATION

PLACES OF WORSHIP

There are roughly 13.2 million Jews in the world today. Their place of worship include synagogues, temples, and shuls. Synagoge/Shuls: a place of worship and study. Non Jews are allowed to enter. Temples: Ancient center of Jewish woprship where sacrifices were performed.

JEWISH HOLIDAYS

Yom Kippur is a day of atonement representing the sins of the previous years where one fasts and deprives themself of pleasures. It is celebrated only one day of the year becasue its restrictive nature is unrealistic in modern times.

Roshahanah celebrates the beggining of the new year merely to count years, since Jewish people do not believe Jesus has returned yet. Roshahanah is celebrated for two days every year.

Passover is a holiday dedicated to remebering the exodus from Egypt. Passover also marks the start of the season for harvesting.

Simchat Torah is a holiday celebrating the law and the end and beggining of the weekly Torah readings.

DAILY PRACTICE: Jewish People pray three times per day; once in the morning, once in the mid-afternoon, and once before bed. The morning service is considered the main service, where God is present. Prayer at the end of the day is the time to forgive and forget. OTHER PRACTICES: On monday, Thursday, and Saturday the Torah is read. The sabbath takes place on sunday, and is considered a day reserved for rest.

It is a tradition to eat apples and honey on Roshhashanah. Apples represent the many changes of the modern world; it's sweet one day and rotten the next. Honey almost never expires and is therefore representative of constant tradtition.

The Torah: A collection of God's revealed instructions to Jews- it is considered their most sacred text. The Torah includes 623 commandments, but the first ten are considered the most important.

Religious Texts

TORAH

Judaism began with a nomadic tribe founded by Abraham who fled to Egypt due to a great drought. Upon arriving in Egypt they were captured as slaves and separated into twelve tribes, also known as the twelve tribes of Israel. The Jews remained slaves of the Pharo’s court until led freedom by Moses. Eventually they split into twelve separate tribes, also known as the tribes of Israel. While they were traveling in the desert, Moses is said to have struck a deal with God; if Jewish people worshiped God as their one and only creator, he would make them the chosen people.

Origin Of Judaism

Above: This is a picture of one of the oldest and most famous synagogues, the Hurva synagogue. It was built in the 16th century and is located in Israel.

JUDAISM

Langues: Hebrew Leaders: Rabbi Texts: The Torah, Tanakh, Nevi'im, Ketuvim, Talmud, Misrash, Responsa, and Zohar. Of these, the Torah is considered the most sacred.

PRACTICES

TEN COMMANDMENTS

1. I am the Lord your God who brought you out of slavery in Egypt. 2. You shall have no other gods but me. 3. You shall not misuse the name of the Lord your God. 4. You shall remember and keep the Sabbath day holy. 5. Honor your father and mother. 6. You shall not murder. 7. You shall not commit adultery. 8. You shall not steal. 9. You shall not bear false witness against thy neighbor. 10. You shall not covet.

Shabbat is a day set aside for rest and spiritual enrichment.

Jewish Icons

MENORAH- Symbol of Israel bringing light to the nations

CHAI- means living, reffers to a living god

Judaism is concerned with the well being of humanity. Jews believe everyone is uniquiely connected with everyone else, part of a worldwide Jewish community. Every person has infinite potential and is created under God. Jews are monotheists. Everyone has a personal relationship with God.

STAR OF DAVID- REPRESENTS HIS SHEILD

TZITZIT- Torah commands fringe to be worn on clothing

MAJOR BELIEFS

YIDDISH- Worn over head out of respect for God during prayer


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