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Social Studies
Religious Studies

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The Torah, also known as the Five Books of Moses. These 5 books are Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy and they are considered the absolute foundation of Judaism. The major part of these books was given to Moses on Mt Sinai together with the Ten Commandments and the Oral Law. They were all written in Hebrew. The Hebrew root of the word 'Torah' means 'to teach'.MidrashA third group of Jewish literature is the Midrash, which is a large body of rabbinical material derived primary from sermons (the Hebrew word for "sermon" is d'rash). The primary collections of Midrash were compiled between the fourth and sixth centuries, but the midrashic form continues to the present day.TalmudAnother important Jewish text is the Talmud, a collection of rabbinical writings that interpret, explain and apply the Torah scriptures. The Talmud was written between the second and fifth century CE, but Orthodox Jews believe it was revealed to Moses along with the Torah and preseved orally until it was written down. The Talmud is thus known as the "Oral Torah," with the first five books of the Tanakh designated the "Written Torah."

JudaismBy Jaccob Colosky

Brit Millah. This is the covenant of circumcision. It is the ritual removal of the foreskin which is performed in accordance with the Torah scripture Genesis 17:10. It takes place on the 8th day of a baby boy’s life.Brit Hayyim/Brit Bat. This is a naming ceremony for baby girls, it also takes place on the 8th day of life.Bar Mitzvah. A ceremony for boys at the age of 13. It makes a Jewish boy’s entry into the community as an adult. The words literally mean “son of the Commandment.”Bat Mitzvah. A ceremony for girls, the literal translation is “daughter of the Commandment”, it can be held for females as young as 12. It is a ceremony that was first celebrated in the 20th Century and would not be followed by all branches of Judaism.Kiddushin. The Jewish marriage ceremony. It takes place under a huppah (canopy) and includes the ritual breaking of a glass underfoot. The breaking of the glass is an act to commemorate the destruction of the Jewish temple in 70 C.E.Funeral. Funeral practices vary within the tradition.

The man in this photo is celebrating the tradition Tish'a B'Av. The are kissing that wall that up rises in Judaism


Founder of JudaismAbraham

SabbathMany people know that the Sabbath is Saturday, the day of the week on which Jews are forbidden to work. From the Jewish perspective, the Sabbath is not about rules but about joyful celebration and rest.The Day of AweThe Days of Awe are the 10 days from the beginning of Rosh Hashanah to the end of Yom Kippur. This important period, which occurs in the autumn, is devoted to introspection, repentance, and atonement for sin.HanukkahHanukkah (also spelled Chanukah) is probably the Jewish holiday that non-Jews are most familiar with, due to its coincidental proximity to Christmas. It is not, however, the "Jewish Christmas" - it historically predates Christmas and is an entirely different celebration.PurimPurim is a joyful spring holiday that features a festive meal, gift-giving, costumes, noisemakers in the synagogue, and required drunkenness. It is sometimes known to non-Jews as "the Jewish Mardi Gras" or "the Jewish Halloween."Rosh Hashanah Rosh Hashanah means "head of the year" and is commonly known as the Jewish New Year. It is the day on which the year number changes, but unlike secular New Year celebrations, Rosh Hashanah is a solemn and holy time. It occurs on the first and second days of Tishri, which falls in September or October.


Sacred Texts

Judaism developed historically in the Near East over many centuries. Under the Roman Empire, Jewish communities were established outside the Near East, but in 70 A.D. the Romans destroyed the temple in Jerusalem, and the Jews scattered in the Diaspora.

Location of origin

Here are a few examples, but the Jewish moral code is very complex: honor and respect your parentsvisit sick peoplehelp widows, orphans, poor people, and travelers passing throughdon't steal or killdon't look at your neighbor's wife and daydream about herwhen a thief is caught, he pays back double what he stole; if he hasn't got it to pay back, he works it offif you come upon a man at the side of the road with his car or his mule broke down, stop and help himpeople may work for other people, but nobody owns peoplenobody has the authority to require anyone to work 7 days straight without a day offwhen a man works for you, feed him and pay himkeep your gas pump and your scale calibrated; deliver what your customers pay you forteach your childrenpray for the leaders of your countryif a man built a new house, planted a field, married recently, or is scared, he has no military obligation; when he reports for duty, send him back homehonor and protect womena bride gets a written contract, that legally binds her husband to provide for herexpress gratitude before you eat, and again after you eatbe holy

Rules of moral conduct

In the top photo it is the set up for when they will bless someone. Bottom photo they are celebrating the holiday prium




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